Albrecht Kossel

1853 - 1927

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Ludwig Karl Martin Leonhard Albrecht Kossel (German pronunciation: [ˈalbʁɛçt ˈkɔsl̩] ; 16 September 1853 – 5 July 1927) was a German biochemist and pioneer in the study of genetics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1910 for his work in determining the chemical composition of nucleic acids, the genetic substance of biological cells. Kossel isolated and described the five organic compounds that are present in nucleic acid: adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine, and uracil. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Albrecht Kossel has received more than 171,492 page views. His biography is available in 62 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 60 in 2019). Albrecht Kossel is the 33rd most popular biologist (up from 35th in 2019), the 381st most popular biography from Germany (up from 435th in 2019) and the 5th most popular German Biologist.

Albrecht Kossel was a German biochemist who was most famous for his work in determining the chemical composition of nucleic acids.

Memorability Metrics

  • 170k

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  • 67.85

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 62

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 15.92

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.73

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among biologists, Albrecht Kossel ranks 33 out of 1,097Before him are Yoshinori Ohsumi, Katherine Oppenheimer, Theodor Schwann, Ada Yonath, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, and Barbara McClintock. After him are Charles Richet, Matthias Jakob Schleiden, Harald zur Hausen, Dian Fossey, Karl von Frisch, and Antoine Laurent de Jussieu.

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Among people born in 1853, Albrecht Kossel ranks 9Before him are Hendrik Lorentz, Wilhelm Ostwald, Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Carl Larsson, and Chulalongkorn. After him are Aleksei Brusilov, José Martí, Vladimir Solovyov, Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, Ferdinand Hodler, and Errico Malatesta. Among people deceased in 1927, Albrecht Kossel ranks 7Before him are Isadora Duncan, Svante Arrhenius, Ryūnosuke Akutagawa, Willem Einthoven, Juan Gris, and Ferdinand I of Romania. After him are Carlota of Mexico, Gaston Leroux, Andranik, Houston Stewart Chamberlain, Kang Youwei, and Hugo Ball.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Albrecht Kossel ranks 381 out of 7,253Before him are Joseph von Fraunhofer (1787), Joachim Löw (1960), Otto Lilienthal (1848), Caroline Herschel (1750), Werner Herzog (1942), and Rudolf Carnap (1891). After him are Alfred von Schlieffen (1833), Alexandra Feodorovna (1798), Pina Bausch (1940), Christopher of Bavaria (1416), Hermann Fegelein (1906), and Adolf Windaus (1876).

Among BIOLOGISTS In Germany

Among biologists born in Germany, Albrecht Kossel ranks 5Before him are Ernst Haeckel (1834), Maria Sibylla Merian (1647), Katherine Oppenheimer (1910), and Theodor Schwann (1810). After him are Matthias Jakob Schleiden (1804), Harald zur Hausen (1936), Hans Spemann (1869), Peter Simon Pallas (1741), August Weismann (1834), Ernst Mayr (1904), and Bernard Katz (1911).