Adolf Bastian

1826 - 1905

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Adolf Philipp Wilhelm Bastian (26 June 1826 – 2 February 1905) was a 19th-century polymath best remembered for his contributions to the development of ethnography and the development of anthropology as a discipline. Modern psychology owes him a great debt, because of his theory of the Elementargedanke, which led to Carl Jung's development of the theory of archetypes. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Adolf Bastian has received more than 147,199 page views. His biography is available in 32 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 31 in 2019). Adolf Bastian is the 114th most popular psychologist (up from 120th in 2019), the 1,808th most popular biography from Germany (down from 1,764th in 2019) and the 16th most popular German Psychologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 150k

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 32

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.66

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.65

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among psychologists, Adolf Bastian ranks 114 out of 235Before him are Édouard Claparède, William McDougall, John Money, Heinz Kohut, Robert Cialdini, and Frederic Bartlett. After him are Aleksei N. Leontiev, Robert Sternberg, Oswald Külpe, Bluma Zeigarnik, Thomas Gordon, and Henry Murray.

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Among people born in 1826, Adolf Bastian ranks 16Before him are Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden, Danilo I, Prince of Montenegro, Alexander Afanasyev, Armand David, Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, and Zénobe Gramme. After him are George B. McClellan, Karl von Piloty, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna of Russia, Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, Henri Mouhot, and George Johnstone Stoney. Among people deceased in 1905, Adolf Bastian ranks 28Before him are Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria, Alphonse Allais, Anton Ažbe, Hudson Taylor, Albert von Kölliker, and Marcel Schwob. After him are Ivan Sechenov, Otto Wilhelm von Struve, Carmine Crocco, George MacDonald, Meyer Guggenheim, and Lew Wallace.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Adolf Bastian ranks 1,808 out of 7,253Before him are Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover (1845), Friedrich Naumann (1860), George II, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (1605), Christoph Graupner (1683), Michael Schenker (1955), and Herbert Kappler (1907). After him are Charles Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1818), Johann Gottfried Walther (1684), William III, Landgrave of Thuringia (1425), Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia (1772), Robert Enke (1977), and Miguel, Duke of Braganza (1853).


Among psychologists born in Germany, Adolf Bastian ranks 16Before him are Ernst Kretschmer (1888), Ernst Heinrich Weber (1795), Karl Bühler (1879), William Stern (1871), Rudolf Arnheim (1904), and Marie-Louise von Franz (1915). After him are Ulric Neisser (1928), Johannes Heinrich Schultz (1884), Frieda Fromm-Reichmann (1889), Charlotte Bühler (1893), Laura Perls (1905), and Uta Frith (1941).