Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

1632 - 1723

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Antonie Philips van Leeuwenhoek ( AHN-tə-nee vahn LAY-vən-hook, -⁠huuk; Dutch: [ˈɑntoːni vɑn ˈleːu.ə(n)ˌɦuk] ; 24 October 1632 – 26 August 1723) was a Dutch microbiologist and microscopist in the Golden Age of Dutch science and technology. A largely self-taught man in science, he is commonly known as "the Father of Microbiology", and one of the first microscopists and microbiologists. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Antonie van Leeuwenhoek has received more than 4,537,858 page views. His biography is available in 96 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 90 in 2019). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the 6th most popular biologist, the 10th most popular biography from Netherlands (down from 9th in 2019) and the most popular Dutch Biologist.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek was a Dutch scientist who was the first person to observe single-celled organisms with a microscope.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.5M

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  • 96

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.85

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.15

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among biologists, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek ranks 6 out of 1,097Before him are Charles Darwin, Carl Linnaeus, Gregor Mendel, Alexander Fleming, and Ivan Pavlov. After him are Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Ernst Haeckel, Konrad Lorenz, Georges Cuvier, Rosalind Franklin, and James Watson.

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Among people born in 1632, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek ranks 4Before him are John Locke, Johannes Vermeer, and Baruch Spinoza. After him are Jean-Baptiste Lully, Samuel von Pufendorf, Christopher Wren, Jean Mabillon, Maria Leopoldine of Austria, Francis Hyacinth, Duke of Savoy, Michael I Apafi, and Adam Frans van der Meulen. Among people deceased in 1723, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek ranks 1After him are Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, Christopher Wren, Dimitrie Cantemir, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Godfrey Kneller, Anne Christine of Sulzbach, Princess of Piedmont, Antonio Maria Valsalva, Praskovia Saltykova, Zanabazar, and Guillaume Dubois.

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In Netherlands

Among people born in Netherlands, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek ranks 10 out of 1,646Before him are Erasmus (1466), Baruch Spinoza (1632), Piet Mondrian (1872), Johan Cruyff (1947), Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1525), and Hieronymus Bosch (1450). After him are Christiaan Huygens (1629), Hugo Grotius (1583), Abel Tasman (1603), Mata Hari (1876), Hendrik Lorentz (1853), and Beatrix of the Netherlands (1938).

Among BIOLOGISTS In Netherlands

Among biologists born in Netherlands, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek ranks 1After him are Hugo de Vries (1848), Nikolaas Tinbergen (1907), Herman Boerhaave (1668), Jan Swammerdam (1637), Martinus Beijerinck (1851), Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin (1727), Coenraad Jacob Temminck (1778), Pieter Boddaert (1730), Nicolaas Laurens Burman (1734), Pieter Bleeker (1819), and Johannes Burman (1707).