David McClelland

1917 - 1998

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David Clarence McClelland (May 20, 1917 – March 27, 1998) was an American psychologist, noted for his work on motivation Need Theory. He published a number of works between the 1950s and the 1990s and developed new scoring systems for the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and its descendants. McClelland is credited with developing Achievement Motivation Theory, commonly referred to as "need for achievement" or n-achievement theory. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of David McClelland has received more than 383,623 page views. His biography is available in 28 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 26 in 2019). David McClelland is the 84th most popular psychologist, the 1,279th most popular biography from United States (up from 1,443rd in 2019) and the 29th most popular American Psychologist.

David McClelland is most famous for his theory of needs, which he proposed in the 1960s. This theory states that people have three basic needs: the need for achievement, the need for affiliation, and the need for power.

Memorability Metrics

  • 380k

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  • 69.45

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 28

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.75

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.20

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among psychologists, David McClelland ranks 84 out of 182Before him are George Armitage Miller, Frederick Herzberg, Ludwig Binswanger, Kurt Koffka, Muzafer Sherif, and Donald O. Hebb. After him are Alice Miller, Charles Spearman, Karl Bühler, Clark L. Hull, Otto Gross, and Walter Bradford Cannon.

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Among people born in 1917, David McClelland ranks 57Before him are Leonid Hurwicz, Leonora Carrington, Masahiko Kimura, John Kendrew, Barry Nelson, and Andrew Huxley. After him are John Fenn, Carson McCullers, Robert Bloch, Herbert A. Hauptman, Jane Wyman, and Yukio Tsuda. Among people deceased in 1998, David McClelland ranks 31Before him are Julien Green, James Earl Ray, Falco, Vasily Arkhipov, Nelson Goodman, and Conrad Schumann. After him are André Weil, Wolf Vostell, Maurice Bucaille, Martha Gellhorn, Alan Hodgkin, and Nizar Qabbani.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, David McClelland ranks 1,279 out of 15,968Before him are Sam Shepard (1943), Pat Garrett (1850), Spike Lee (1957), Poul Anderson (1926), Timothy McVeigh (1968), and Lucy Liu (1968). After him are Dionne Warwick (1940), Danielle Steel (1947), Rick Rubin (1963), Ike Turner (1931), James Baldwin (1924), and Jane Russell (1921).

Among PSYCHOLOGISTS In United States

Among psychologists born in United States, David McClelland ranks 29Before him are Martin Seligman (1942), Timothy Leary (1920), G. Stanley Hall (1846), Mary Ainsworth (1913), George Armitage Miller (1920), and Frederick Herzberg (1923). After him are Clark L. Hull (1884), Walter Bradford Cannon (1871), Rollo May (1909), Harry Stack Sullivan (1892), Benjamin Bloom (1913), and James McKeen Cattell (1860).