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David McClelland

1917 - 1998

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David Clarence McClelland (May 20, 1917 – March 27, 1998) was an American psychologist, noted for his work on motivation Need Theory. He published a number of works between the 1950s and the 1990s and developed new scoring systems for the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and its descendants. McClelland is credited with developing Achievement Motivation Theory, commonly referred to as "need for achievement" or n-achievement theory. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of David McClelland has received more than 452,377 page views. His biography is available in 29 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 28 in 2019). David McClelland is the 81st most popular psychologist (up from 84th in 2019), the 1,257th most popular biography from United States (up from 1,278th in 2019) and the 29th most popular American Psychologist.

David McClelland is most famous for his theory of needs, which he proposed in the 1960s. This theory states that people have three basic needs: the need for achievement, the need for affiliation, and the need for power.

Memorability Metrics

  • 450k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 60.57

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 29

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.53

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.32

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of David McClellands by language


Among psychologists, David McClelland ranks 81 out of 183Before him are Ernst Heinrich Weber, Karl Abraham, Alice Miller, Harry Harlow, William Stern, and Paul Watzlawick. After him are Walter Bradford Cannon, Muzafer Sherif, Ludwig Binswanger, Karl Bühler, Vladimir Bekhterev, and Benjamin Bloom.

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Among people born in 1917, David McClelland ranks 55Before him are Leonid Hurwicz, Violeta Parra, Maurice Duverger, Rodney Robert Porter, Dinu Lipatti, and Leonora Carrington. After him are Manolete, Masahiko Kimura, John Fenn, William Standish Knowles, Susan Hayward, and Jane Wyman. Among people deceased in 1998, David McClelland ranks 33Before him are Martha Gellhorn, Alan Hodgkin, Conrad Schumann, Julien Green, Lúcio Costa, and Alan J. Pakula. After him are André Weil, Otto Wichterle, Linda McCartney, Florence Griffith Joyner, Maria Reiche, and Derek Barton.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, David McClelland ranks 1,257 out of 18,182Before him are Mark Ruffalo (1967), Jacque Fresco (1916), Cole Porter (1891), Walter Gilbert (1932), Donna Haraway (1944), and Dwight Schultz (1947). After him are Alyson Hannigan (1974), Timothy McVeigh (1968), Erskine Caldwell (1903), Robert Rauschenberg (1925), Chris Columbus (1958), and Alan J. Heeger (1936).

Among PSYCHOLOGISTS In United States

Among psychologists born in United States, David McClelland ranks 29Before him are Edward C. Tolman (1886), Timothy Leary (1920), Frederick Herzberg (1923), G. Stanley Hall (1846), Mary Ainsworth (1913), and Harry Harlow (1905). After him are Walter Bradford Cannon (1871), Benjamin Bloom (1913), George Armitage Miller (1920), Rollo May (1909), James McKeen Cattell (1860), and Harry Stack Sullivan (1892).