Zviad Gamsakhurdia

1939 - 1993

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Zviad Konstantines dze Gamsakhurdia (Georgian: ზვიად კონსტანტინეს ძე გამსახურდია; Russian: Звиа́д Константи́нович Гамсаху́рдия, romanized: Zviad Konstantinovich Gamsakhurdiya; 31 March 1939 – 31 December 1993) was a Georgian politician, human rights activist, dissident, professor of English language studies and American literature at Tbilisi State University, and writer who became the first democratically elected President of Georgia in May 1991. A prominent exponent of Georgian nationalism and pan-Caucasianism, Zviad Gamsakhurdia was involved in Soviet dissident movement from his youth. His activities attracted attention of authorities in the Soviet Union and Gamsakhurdia was arrested and imprisoned numerous times. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Zviad Gamsakhurdia has received more than 443,362 page views. His biography is available in 69 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 66 in 2019). Zviad Gamsakhurdia is the 1,424th most popular politician (up from 1,558th in 2019), the 11th most popular biography from Georgia (up from 14th in 2019) and the 6th most popular Georgian Politician.

Zviad Gamsakhurdia is most famous for being the first and only president of Georgia. He was in power from 1991 to 1992, when he was overthrown in a military coup.

Memorability Metrics

  • 440k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.84

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 69

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.33

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.81

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Zviad Gamsakhurdia ranks 1,424 out of 19,576Before him are Princess Benedikte of Denmark, Walther Funk, Jean-Claude Juncker, Constantine X Doukas, Mohammed VI of Morocco, and Philip of Swabia. After him are Alexios III Angelos, Manuel Azaña, Turgut Özal, Rafael Trujillo, Leo V the Armenian, and Tarja Halonen.

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Among people born in 1939, Zviad Gamsakhurdia ranks 17Before him are Reuven Rivlin, Giovanni Falcone, Giovanni Trapattoni, Harvey Keitel, Ada Yonath, and Romano Prodi. After him are Valeriy Lobanovskyi, Karel Gott, Margaret Atwood, Ralph Lauren, Peter Grünberg, and George Lazenby. Among people deceased in 1993, Zviad Gamsakhurdia ranks 11Before him are Rudolf Nureyev, Baudouin of Belgium, Erich Hartmann, William Golding, Frank Zappa, and James Hunt. After him are Turgut Özal, Anthony Burgess, Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona, André the Giant, Bobby Moore, and Hans Jonas.

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In Georgia

Among people born in Georgia, Zviad Gamsakhurdia ranks 11 out of 406Before him are Eduard Shevardnadze (1928), Shota Rustaveli (1172), Vladimir Mayakovsky (1893), Tamar of Georgia (1166), Yakov Dzhugashvili (1907), and Tigran Petrosian (1929). After him are Sergei Parajanov (1924), Niko Pirosmani (1862), David IV of Georgia (1073), Aleksei Brusilov (1853), Sayat-Nova (1712), and Nona Gaprindashvili (1941).

Among POLITICIANS In Georgia

Among politicians born in Georgia, Zviad Gamsakhurdia ranks 6Before him are Joseph Stalin (1879), Attila (406), Darius the Great (-550), Eduard Shevardnadze (1928), and Tamar of Georgia (1166). After him are David IV of Georgia (1073), Sergo Ordzhonikidze (1886), Mikheil Saakashvili (1967), Sergei Witte (1849), Rusudan of Georgia (1194), and Pharnavaz I of Iberia (-326).