Victor Hugo

1802 - 1885

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Icon of person Victor Hugo

Victor-Marie Hugo (French: [viktɔʁ maʁi yɡo] (listen); 26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, essayist, playwright, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. During a literary career that spanned more than sixty years, he wrote abundantly in an exceptional variety of genres: lyrics, satires, epics, philosophical poems, epigrams, novels, history, critical essays, political speeches, funeral orations, diaries, and letters public and private, as well as dramas in verse and prose. Hugo is considered to be one of the greatest and best-known French writers. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Victor Hugo has received more than 6,691,958 page views. His biography is available in 164 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 161 in 2019). Victor Hugo is the 11th most popular writer (down from 9th in 2019), the 9th most popular biography from France (down from 6th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular French Writer.

Victor Hugo is most famous for his novel Les Miserables, which is widely considered to be one of the greatest novels of all time.

Memorability Metrics

  • 6.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 89.96

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 164

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.41

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.11

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

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Among writers, Victor Hugo ranks 11 out of 5,794Before him are Fyodor Dostoevsky, J. R. R. Tolkien, Hans Christian Andersen, Voltaire, Franz Kafka, and Leo Tolstoy. After him are Edgar Allan Poe, Jules Verne, Molière, Honoré de Balzac, Albert Camus, and Sophocles.

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Among people born in 1802, Victor Hugo ranks 1After him are Alexandre Dumas, Niels Henrik Abel, Archduke Franz Karl of Austria, Lajos Kossuth, János Bolyai, Miguel I of Portugal, Elias Lönnrot, Wilhelm Hauff, Heinrich Gustav Magnus, Louis-Eugène Cavaignac, and Antoine Jérôme Balard. Among people deceased in 1885, Victor Hugo ranks 1After him are Ulysses S. Grant, Alfonso XII of Spain, Muhammad Ahmad, Jens Peter Jacobsen, Carl Spitzweg, Ferdinand II of Portugal, Alexander Karađorđević, Prince of Serbia, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern, Rosalía de Castro, and Iwasaki Yatarō.

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In France

Among people born in France, Victor Hugo ranks 9 out of 5,234Before him are René Descartes (1596), Joan of Arc (1412), Charlemagne (748), Voltaire (1694), Blaise Pascal (1623), and Louis Pasteur (1822). After him are Claude Monet (1840), Montesquieu (1689), Jules Verne (1828), Molière (1622), Louis XVI of France (1754), and Honoré de Balzac (1799).

Among WRITERS In France

Among writers born in France, Victor Hugo ranks 2Before him are Voltaire (1694). After him are Jules Verne (1828), Molière (1622), Honoré de Balzac (1799), Jean-Paul Sartre (1905), Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (1900), Émile Zola (1840), Stendhal (1783), Alexandre Dumas (1802), Marcel Proust (1871), and Denis Diderot (1713).