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Victor Hugo

1802 - 1885

Photo of Victor Hugo

Icon of person Victor Hugo

Victor-Marie Hugo (French: [viktɔʁ maʁi yɡo] ; 26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885), sometimes nicknamed the Ocean Man, was a French Romantic writer and politician. During a literary career that spanned more than sixty years, he wrote in a variety of genres and forms. His most famous works are the novels The Hunchback of Notre-Dame (1831) and Les Misérables (1862). Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Victor Hugo has received more than 8,452,497 page views. His biography is available in 170 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 164 in 2019). Victor Hugo is the 13th most popular writer (down from 11th in 2019), the 8th most popular biography from France (up from 9th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular French Writer.

Victor Hugo is most famous for his novel Les Miserables, which is widely considered to be one of the greatest novels of all time.

Memorability Metrics

  • 8.5M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 86.03

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 170

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.79

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.38

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Page views of Victor Hugos by language


Among writers, Victor Hugo ranks 13 out of 5,755Before him are Hans Christian Andersen, Voltaire, Edgar Allan Poe, Sophocles, Leo Tolstoy, and Franz Kafka. After him are Virgil, Aesop, Jules Verne, Miguel de Cervantes, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Ovid.

Most Popular Writers in Wikipedia

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Among people born in 1802, Victor Hugo ranks 1After him are Alexandre Dumas, Archduke Franz Karl of Austria, Niels Henrik Abel, Lajos Kossuth, János Bolyai, Miguel I of Portugal, Elias Lönnrot, Wilhelm Hauff, Charles Wheatstone, Heinrich Gustav Magnus, and Antoine Jérôme Balard. Among people deceased in 1885, Victor Hugo ranks 1After him are Ulysses S. Grant, Alfonso XII of Spain, Muhammad Ahmad, Jens Peter Jacobsen, Ferdinand II of Portugal, Alexander Karađorđević, Prince of Serbia, Carl Spitzweg, L'Inconnue de la Seine, Charles George Gordon, Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern, and Rosalía de Castro.

Others Born in 1802

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Others Deceased in 1885

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In France

Among people born in France, Victor Hugo ranks 8 out of 6,011Before him are Louis XIV of France (1638), René Descartes (1596), Joan of Arc (1412), Blaise Pascal (1623), Louis Pasteur (1822), and Voltaire (1694). After him are Claude Monet (1840), Montesquieu (1689), Louis XVI of France (1754), Jules Verne (1828), Jean-Paul Sartre (1905), and Nostradamus (1503).

Among WRITERS In France

Among writers born in France, Victor Hugo ranks 2Before him are Voltaire (1694). After him are Jules Verne (1828), Jean-Paul Sartre (1905), Molière (1622), Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (1900), Honoré de Balzac (1799), Alexandre Dumas (1802), Marcel Proust (1871), Denis Diderot (1713), Simone de Beauvoir (1908), and Octave Mirbeau (1848).