Toni Morrison

1931 - 2019

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Icon of person Toni Morrison

Chloe Anthony Wofford Morrison (née Chloe Ardelia Wofford; February 18, 1931 – August 5, 2019), known as Toni Morrison, was an American novelist and editor. Her first novel, The Bluest Eye, was published in 1970. The critically acclaimed Song of Solomon (1977) brought her national attention and won the National Book Critics Circle Award. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Toni Morrison has received more than 8,690,654 page views. Her biography is available in 104 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 98 in 2019). Toni Morrison is the 93rd most popular writer (down from 79th in 2019), the 73rd most popular biography from United States (down from 63rd in 2019) and the 9th most popular American Writer.

Toni Morrison is most famous for her novel "Beloved."

Memorability Metrics

  • 8.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 77.48

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 104

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 17.43

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.08

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Tar baby
The Bluest Eye
This is a story of a young black girl, abused by her drunken father, who wishes to have blue eyes so she can be beautiful.
Song of Solomon
New York Times Bestseller Milkman Dead was born shortly after a neighborhood eccentric hurled himself off a rooftop in a vain attempt at flight. For the rest of his life he, too, will be trying to fly. With this brilliantly imagined novel, Toni Morrison transfigures the coming-of-age story as audaciously as Saul Bellow or Gabriel García Márquez. As she follows Milkman from his rustbelt city to the place of his family’s origins, Morrison introduces an entire cast of strivers and seeresses, liars and assassins, the inhabitants of a fully realized black world. "You can't go wrong by reading or re-reading the collected works of Toni Morrison. Beloved, Song of Solomon, The Bluest Eye, Sula, everything else — they're transcendent, all of them. You’ll be glad you read them."--Barack Obama


Among writers, Toni Morrison ranks 93 out of 7,302Before her are Pablo Neruda, Giorgio Vasari, José Saramago, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Henry David Thoreau, and Jack London. After her are Erich Maria Remarque, Emily Brontë, Matsuo Bashō, George Sand, Marquis de Sade, and Jonathan Swift.

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Among people born in 1931, Toni Morrison ranks 5Before her are Mikhail Gorbachev, Boris Yeltsin, Rajneesh, and A. P. J. Abdul Kalam. After her are Raúl Castro, Mário Zagallo, James Dean, Tomas Tranströmer, Irvin D. Yalom, Isabel Martínez de Perón, and Raymond Kopa. Among people deceased in 2019, Toni Morrison ranks 2Before her is Jacques Chirac. After her are Karl Lagerfeld, Niki Lauda, Agnès Varda, Robert Mugabe, Jeffrey Epstein, Rutger Hauer, Robert Forster, Bruno Ganz, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, and Mohamed Morsi.

Others Born in 1931

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Toni Morrison ranks 73 out of 20,380Before her are James Stewart (1908), George H. W. Bush (1924), Charles Lindbergh (1902), Henry David Thoreau (1817), Helen Keller (1880), and Jack London (1876). After her are Patrick Swayze (1952), Bill Clinton (1946), Theodore Roosevelt (1858), Woody Allen (1935), Al Capone (1899), and Abraham Maslow (1908).

Among WRITERS In United States

Among writers born in United States, Toni Morrison ranks 9Before her are H. P. Lovecraft (1890), F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896), Mark Twain (1835), Robert Frost (1874), Henry David Thoreau (1817), and Jack London (1876). After her are Stephen King (1947), Dr. Seuss (1904), William Faulkner (1897), J. D. Salinger (1919), John Steinbeck (1902), and Dale Carnegie (1888).