The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Kazakhstani Politicians of all time. This list of famous Kazakhstani Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Kazakhstani Politicians.
With an HPI of 79.73, Tomyris is the most famous Kazakhstani Politician. Her biography has been translated into 44 different languages on wikipedia.
Tomyris (; Scythian: *Tahm-Rayiš, or *Tᵃumurī̆ or *Θᵃumurī̆; Ancient Greek: Τόμυρις Tómuris;) also called Thomyris, Tomris, Tomiride, or Queen Tomiri, reigned over the Massagetae, an Iranian people from Scythian pastoral-nomadic confederation of Central Asia east of the Caspian Sea, in parts of modern-day Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, western Uzbekistan, and southern Kazakhstan. Tomyris led her armies to defend against an attack by Cyrus the Great of the Achaemenid Empire, and, according to Herodotus, defeated and killed him in 530 BC.
With an HPI of 78.17, Nursultan Nazarbayev is the 2nd most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 90 different languages.
Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbayev (Kazakh: Нұрсұлтан Әбішұлы Назарбаев, romanized: Nūrsūltan Äbışūly Nazarbaev, pronounced [nʊrsʊlˈtɑn æbəɕʊˈlə nɑzɑɾˈbɑjɪf]) or Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev (Russian: Нурсултан Абишевич Назарбаев, pronounced [nʊrsʊɫˈtan ɐˈbʲiʂɨvʲɪtɕ nəzɐrˈba(j)ɪf]; born 6 July 1940) is a Kazakh politician who served as the first President of Kazakhstan, in office from 24 April 1990 until his formal resignation on 20 March 2019, and as the Chairman of the Security Council of Kazakhstan from 21 August 1991 to 5 January 2022, holding the title Elbasy (meaning "Leader of the Nation") since 14 June 2010. He was one of the longest-ruling non-royal leaders in the world, having led Kazakhstan for nearly three decades, excluding chairmanship in the Security Council after the end of his presidency. He was named First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR in 1989 and was elected as the nation's first president shortly before its independence from the Soviet Union. According to some opposition groups he is still the "unofficial leader" and "dictator" of the country. In 1962, while working as a factory steel worker, Nazarbayev joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) where he was prominent member of the Komsomol and a full-time worker for the party. From 1984, Nazarbayev was the Prime Minister of the Kazakh SSR. During his tenure, he was appointed as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan (QKP), the most powerful position in 1989. In April 1990, Nazarbayev was appointed as Kazakhstan's first president by the Supreme Soviet. From there, he supported Russian President Boris Yeltsin against the attempted coup in August 1991 by the Soviet hardliners. The Soviet Union then fell apart after 1991 Soviet coup d'etat failed, though Nazarbayev went to great lengths to maintain close economic ties with Russia by introducing Kazakhstan into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and eventually the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU). Nazarbayev is considered by observers to have ruled a dictatorship in Kazakhstan, fueled by growing cult of personality as various institutions, streets, parks, monuments, public holidays, and most notably the capital of Nur-Sultan being dedicated and named after him, while dissent was suppressed in the country and elections were deemed not free and fair. In the country's first open direct presidential election, held in 1991, he appeared alone on the ballot with no opposing candidates and won 98% of the vote. An April 1995 referendum extended Nazarbayev's term until 2000 and in August of that year, a constitutional referendum was held which allowed for a new draft for the Constitution of Kazakhstan that greatly strengthened presidential powers. In 1999, Nazarbayev was re-elected for a second term and again in 2005 and 2011 after a constitutional amendment had granted him to run as president indefinitely. In 2010, he announced reforms to encourage a multi-party system in an attempt to counter the ruling Nur Otan's one-party control of the lower house Mazhilis from 2007. This led to the reinstatement of various parties in Parliament following the 2012 legislative elections, although having little influence and opposition as the parties supported and voted with the government while Nur Otan still had dominant-party control of the Mazhilis. In 2015, Nazarbayev was re-elected for the last time for a fifth term with almost 98% of the vote while in a middle of an economic crisis, as he ran virtually unopposed. In January 2017, Nazarbayev proposed constitutional reforms that would delegate powers to the Parliament of Kazakhstan. In May 2018, the Parliament approved a constitutional amendment allowing Nazarbayev to lead the Security Council for life. In March 2019, he resigned from the presidency amid anti-government protests and was succeeded by Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, a close ally of Nazarbayev, who overwhelmingly won the following snap presidential elections in June 2019. He is immune from any criminal prosecution and continued to serve as the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan Chairman until 2021. Nazarbayev is also a member of the Constitutional Council and an honorary member of the Senate of Kazakhstan, and was chairman of the Security Council until his dismissal from that post in response to the 2022 Kazakh protests.
With an HPI of 74.13, Seljuk is the 3rd most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.
Seljuk Beg (Turkish: Selçuk bey) Persian: سلجوق ﺑﯿﮓ Saljūq; also romanized Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; Turkmen: Seljuk beg Dukag; Azerbaijani: Səlcuq bəy died c. 1007 or 1009) was an Oghuz Turkic warlord, eponymous founder of the Seljuk dynasty.
With an HPI of 73.20, Muhammad Shaybani is the 4th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 28 different languages.
Muhammad Shaybani Khan (Uzbek: Muhammad Shayboniy, also known as Abul-Fath Shaybani Khan or Shayabak Khan or Shahi Beg Khan, originally named "Shibägh", which means "wormwood" or "obsidian") (c. 1451 – 2 December 1510), was an Uzbek leader who consolidated various Uzbek tribes and laid the foundations for their ascendance in Transoxiana and the establishment of the Khanate of Bukhara. He was a Shaybanid or descendant of Shiban (or Shayban), the fifth son of Jochi, Genghis Khan's eldest son. He was the son of Shah-Budag, thus a grandson of the Uzbek conqueror Abu'l-Khayr Khan.
With an HPI of 70.97, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev is the 5th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. Her biography has been translated into 56 different languages.
Kassym-Jomart Kemelevich Tokayev (Kazakh: Қасым-Жомарт Кемелұлы Тоқаев, romanized: Qаsym-Jomаrt Kemelūly Тoqаev [qɑˈsəm ʒɔˈmɑrt kɛˌmɛluˈlə tɔˈqɑjɪf], Russian: Касым-Жомарт Кемелевич Токаев born 17 May 1953) is a Kazakh politician and diplomat who is currently serving as the President of Kazakhstan since 12 June 2019. He became acting president on 20 March 2019 due to the resignation of Nursultan Nazarbayev, who resigned on 19 March 2019 after 29 years in office.A graduate of Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Tokayev began his career in 1975 when he worked as diplomat in Singapore and China. In 1992, he became the Deputy Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan, where he was involved on the issues of nuclear disarmament within the former Soviet republics. In March 1999, Tokayev became the Deputy Prime Minister. In October 1999, with the endorsement of the Parliament, he was appointed as a Prime Minister by President Nursultan Nazarbayev. From 2002, Tokayev served as Foreign Minister, where he continued to play an active role in the field of nuclear non-proliferation. He then served as the Chairman of the Kazakh Senate from 11 January 2007 to 15 April 2011 and from 16 October 2013 to 19 March 2019 and was the Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva from 12 March 2011 to 16 October 2013.In 2019, Tokayev assumed office as the Acting President of Kazakhstan after Nursultan Nazarbayev's resignation. Tokayev, a member of the ruling Nur Otan party, ran in the following snap elections held on 9 June 2019 with the support of Nazarbayev as the nominee of the party, winning with 71% of the vote, which was received with criticism by international organisations and the opposition, facing public scrutiny. After being fully sworn to office on 12 June 2019, Tokayev pledged to continue Nazarbayev's policies in the spheres of country's development including social and economic reforms. During his presidency, he has enacted several reforms including increasing workers' salaries, reducing corruption, abolishing capital punishment, and decentralizing the local government. From 2020, Tokayev had endured the economic downturn and troubles caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and War in Afghanistan and has sought to solve Kazakhstan's rising inflation, fears of domestic terrorism, illegal migration, drug trafficking, nuclear energy development as well as COVID-19 vaccination rollout. In 2022, he sacked the entirety of the Kazakh cabinet following the ongoing Kazakh protests that started on the 2nd of January.Since becoming president, Tokayev's political influence and role in Kazakhstan had steadily grown apart from Nazarbayev as he assumed various other powerful positions which were previously held by Nazarbayev. While managing to maintain the country's stability, ensuring political transition, and enacting new reforms, Tokayev's governance has remained authoritarian with human rights abuses.
With an HPI of 70.86, Aslan Maskhadov is the 6th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 53 different languages.
Aslan (Khalid) Aliyevich Maskhadov (Russian: Асла́н (Хали́д) Али́евич Масха́дов; Chechen: (Масхадан) Али ВоӀ Аслан, romanized: (Maskhadan) Ali Vo' Aslan; 21 September 1951 – 8 March 2005) was a Soviet and Chechen politician who served as the third President of the unrecognized Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. He was credited by many with the Chechen victory in the First Chechen War, which allowed for the establishment of the de facto independent Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. Maskhadov was elected President of Chechnya in January 1997. Following the start of the Second Chechen War in August 1999, he returned to leading the guerrilla resistance against the Russian army. De facto Ichkeria ceased to exist at the beginning of 2000. Until his death, Maskhadov was President in exile. He was killed in Tolstoy-Yurt, a village in northern Chechnya, in March 2005.
With an HPI of 70.54, Vladimir Zhirinovsky is the 7th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 56 different languages.
Vladimir Volfovich Zhirinovsky (Russian: Владимир Вольфович Жириновский, né Eidelstein, Эйдельштейн; born 25 April 1946) is a Russian politician and leader of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia. He has been described as fiercely nationalist and as "a showman of Russian politics, blending populist and nationalist rhetoric, anti-Western invective and a brash, confrontational style".
With an HPI of 70.30, Akhmad Kadyrov is the 8th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 42 different languages.
Akhmad-Khadzhi Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov (Russian: Ахмат-Хаджи Абдулхамидович Кадыров; Chechen: Къадири Ӏабдулхьамидан кӀант Ахьмад-Хьажи, romanized: Q̇adiri Jabdulẋamidan khant Aẋmad-Ẋaƶi; 23 August 1951 – 9 May 2004), also spelled Akhmat, was the Chief Mufti of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria in the 1990s during and after the First Chechen War. At the outbreak of the Second Chechen War he switched sides, offering his service to the Russian government, and later became the President of the Chechen Republic from 5 October 2003, acting as head of administration since July 2000. On 9 May 2004, he was assassinated by Chechen Islamists in Grozny, using a bomb blast during a World War II memorial victory parade. His son, Ramzan Kadyrov, who led his father's militia, became one of his successors in March 2007 as the President of the Chechen Republic.
With an HPI of 68.31, Ablai Khan is the 9th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 21 different languages.
Wāli-ūllah Abū'l-Mansūr Khan (Kazakh: Уәлиуллаh Әбілмансұр хан, ولي الله أبو المنصور خان, romanized: Wälïullah Äbilmansur Xan), better known as Abylai Khan (May 23, 1711 — May 23, 1781) was a Kazakh khan of the Middle jüz (central region) of the Kazakh Khanate.
With an HPI of 65.87, Dinmukhamed Kunaev is the 10th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 22 different languages.
Dinmukhamed Akhmetuly "Dimash" Kunaev (Kazakh: Дінмұхаммед (Димаш) Ахметұлы Қонаев, Dınmūhammed (Dimaş) Ahmetūly Qonaev; Russian: Динмухаммед Ахмедович Кунаев; 12 January 1912 [O.S. 31 December 1911] – 22 August 1993) was a Kazakh Soviet communist politician who served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan.
Pantheon has 28 people classified as politicians born between 600 BC and 1970. Of these 28, 15 (53.57%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Nursultan Nazarbayev, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, and Vladimir Zhirinovsky. The most famous deceased politicians include Tomyris, Seljuk, and Muhammad Shaybani. As of October 2020, 2 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Abul Khair Khan and Mustafa Shokay.
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600 BC - 600 BC
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Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 9 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.