The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Kazakhstani Politicians of all time. This list of famous Kazakhstani Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Kazakhstani Politicians.
With an HPI of 79.73, Tomyris is the most famous Kazakhstani Politician. Her biography has been translated into 44 different languages on wikipedia.
Tomyris (; from Eastern Iranian: Tahm-Rayiš "Brave"; or Scythian: *Tᵃumurī̆ or *Θᵃumurī̆.) also called Thomyris, Tomris, Tomiride, or Queen Tomiri, reigned over the Massagetae, an Iranian people from Scythian pastoral-nomadic confederation of Central Asia east of the Caspian Sea, in parts of modern-day Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, western Uzbekistan, and southern Kazakhstan. Tomyris led her armies to defend against an attack by Cyrus the Great of the Achaemenid Empire, and, according to Herodotus, defeated and killed him in 530 BC.
With an HPI of 78.17, Nursultan Nazarbayev is the 2nd most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 90 different languages.
Nursultan Äbishuly Nazarbayev (Kazakh: Nūrsūltan Äbišūly Nazarbaev, Нұрсұлтан Әбішұлы Назарбаев, pronounced [nʊrsʊlˈtɑn æbəɕʊˈlə nɑzɑɾˈbɑjɪf]) or Nursultan Abishevich Nazarbayev (Russian: Нурсултан Абишевич Назарбаев, pronounced [nʊrsʊɫˈtan ɐˈbʲiʂɨvʲɪtɕ nəzɐrˈbajɪf]; born 6 July 1940) is a Kazakh politician currently serving as the Chairman of the Security Council of Kazakhstan since August 1991 who previously served as the first President of Kazakhstan, in office from 24 April 1990 until his formal resignation on 19 March 2019. He is one of the longest-ruling non-royal leaders in the world, having ruled Kazakhstan for nearly three decades. He was named First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR in 1989 and was elected as the nation's first president following its independence from the Soviet Union. He holds the title Elbasy (meaning "Leader of the Nation").In 1962, Nazarbayev joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) where he was prominent member of the Komsomol and a full-time worker for the party. From 1984, Nazarbayev served as the Prime Minister of the Kazakh SSR. During his tenure, he was appointed as the Chairman of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan (QKP) in 1989. In April 1990, Nazarbayev was named as the first president of Kazakhstan by the Supreme Soviet. From there, he supported Russian President Boris Yeltsin against the attempted coup in August 1991 by the Soviet extremists. The Soviet Union fell apart after the coup failed, though Nazarbayev went to great lengths to maintain close economic ties towards Russia by introducing Kazakhstan into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and eventually the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU). Nazarbayev ruled a dictatorship in Kazakhstan and has been compared to figures such as the likes of Lee Kuan Yew and Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. He was accused of human rights abuses by several human rights organisations and suppressed dissent and presided over an authoritarian regime. According to independent observers, from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, no election held in Kazakhstan since independence has been free and fair by international standards. In the country's first open direct presidential election, held in 1991, he appeared alone on the ballot with no opposing candidates and won 98% of the vote. An April 1995 referendum extended Nazarbayev's term until 2000 and in August of that year, a constitutional referendum was held which allowed for a new draft for the Constitution of Kazakhstan. In 1999, Nazarbayev was re-elected for 2nd term and again in 2005. In 2010, he announced reforms to encourage a multi-party system. This led to the reinstatement of various parties in Parliament following the 2012 legislative elections, although having little influence and opposition as the parties supported and voted with the government while Nur Otan still had dominant-party control of the Mazhilis. In 2015, Nazarbayev was re-elected with almost 98% of the vote, as he ran virtually unopposed. In January 2017, Nazarbayev proposed constitutional reforms that would delegate powers to the Parliament of Kazakhstan. In May 2018, the Parliament approved a constitutional amendment allowing Nazarbayev to serve as president of the Security Council for life. In March 2019, he resigned from presidency amid public pressure and was succeeded by Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, a close ally of Nazarbayev, who overwhelmingly won the following snap presidential elections in June 2019. He is immune from any criminal prosecution and continued in serving as the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan Chairman until 2021. He currently is the chairman of the Security Council and ruling party Nur Otan. Nazarbayev is also a member of the Constitutional Council, and an honorary member of the Senate of Kazakhstan.
With an HPI of 74.13, Seljuk is the 3rd most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.
Seljuk Beg (Persian: سلجوق ﺑﯿﮓ) Saljūq; also romanized Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; Turkish: Selçuk bey; Turkmen: Seljuk beg Dukag; Azerbaijani: Səlcuq bəy died c. 1007 or 1009) was an Oghuz Turkic warlord, eponymous founder of the Seljuk dynasty.
With an HPI of 73.20, Muhammad Shaybani is the 4th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 28 different languages.
Muhammad Shaybani Khan (Uzbek: Muhammad Shayboniy, also known as Abul-Fath Shaybani Khan or Shayabak Khan or Shahi Beg Khan, originally named "Shibägh", which means "wormwood" or "obsidian") (c. 1451 – 2 December 1510), was an Uzbek leader who consolidated various Uzbek tribes and laid the foundations for their ascendance in Transoxiana and the establishment of the Khanate of Bukhara. He was a Shaybanid or descendant of Shiban (or Shayban), the fifth son of Jochi, Genghis Khan's eldest son. He was the son of Shah-Budag, thus a grandson of the Uzbek conqueror Abu'l-Khayr Khan.
With an HPI of 70.97, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev is the 5th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. Her biography has been translated into 56 different languages.
Kassym-Jomart Kemeluly Tokayev (Kazakh: Қасым-Жомарт Кемелұлы Тоқаев, romanized: Qаsym-Jomаrt Kemelūly Тoqаev, [qɑˈsəm ʒɔˈmɑrt kɛˌmɛluˈlə tɔˈqɑjɪf]), born 17 May 1953 is a Kazakh politician and diplomat. He took office as the President of Kazakhstan on 20 March 2019, succeeding Nursultan Nazarbayev, who resigned on 19 March 2019 after 29 years in office.Tokayev began his career in 1975 when he worked as diplomat in Singapore and China. In 1992, he became the Deputy Foreign Minister of Kazakhstan where he took a position against nuclear disarmament in the former Soviet countries. In March 1999, Tokayev became the Deputy Prime Minister. In October 1999, with the endorsement of the Parliament, he was appointed as a Prime Minister by the presidential decree. From 2002, Tokayev served as Foreign Minister where he continued to play an active role in the field of nuclear non-proliferation. He then served as the Chair of the Senate of Kazakhstan from 11 January 2007 to 15 April 2011 and from 16 October 2013 to 19 March 2019 and was the Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva from 12 March 2011 to 16 October 2013. On 20 March 2019, his predecessor Nursultan Nazarbayev resigned, resulting in Tokayev becoming the acting president. He announced snap elections for 9 June 2019 and shortly with the endorsement by Nazarbayev became nominee for the ruling Nur Otan. Tokayev was elected president of Kazakhstan in a snap election on 9 June 2019 with 71% of the popular vote. According to the OSCE, "significant irregularities were observed on election day, including cases of ballot box stuffing, and a disregard of counting procedures meant that an honest count could not be guaranteed." "There were widespread detentions of peaceful protesters on election day in major cities", said the OSCE in their Statement of Preliminary Findings and Conclusions. In his inauguration, Tokayev promised a continuation of Nazarbayev's policies in the country's development and social and economic reforms. In his tenure, he signed certain reform laws aimed at democratizing the country which were criticized as still lacking in international standards.
With an HPI of 70.86, Aslan Maskhadov is the 6th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 53 different languages.
Aslan (Khalid) Aliyevich Maskhadov (Russian: Асла́н (Хали́д) Али́евич Масха́дов; Chechen: (Масхадан) Али ВоӀ Аслан, romanized: (Maskhadan) Ali Vo' Aslan; 21 September 1951 – 8 March 2005) was a politician who served as the third President of the unrecognized Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. He was credited by many with the Chechen victory in the First Chechen War, which allowed for the establishment of the de facto independent Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. Maskhadov was elected President of Chechnya in January 1997. Following the start of the Second Chechen War in August 1999, he returned to leading the guerrilla resistance against the Russian army. De facto Ichkeria ceased to exist at the beginning of 2000. Until his death, Maskhadov was President in exile. He was killed in Tolstoy-Yurt, a village in northern Chechnya, in March 2005.
With an HPI of 70.54, Vladimir Zhirinovsky is the 7th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 56 different languages.
Vladimir Volfovich Zhirinovsky (Russian: Владимир Вольфович Жириновский, né Eidelstein, Эйдельштейн; born 25 April 1946) is a Russian politician and leader of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia. He is fiercely nationalist and has been described as "a showman of Russian politics, blending populist and nationalist rhetoric, anti-Western invective and a brash, confrontational style". During the 1990s, his views were sometimes described in the West as fascist. He is considered by Russian scholars as a neo-Eurasianist.
With an HPI of 70.30, Akhmad Kadyrov is the 8th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 42 different languages.
Akhmad-Khadzhi Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov (Russian: Ахмат-Хаджи Абдулхамидович Кадыров; Chechen: Къадири lабдулхьамидан кlант Ахьмад-Хьажи; 23 August 1951 – 9 May 2004), also spelled Akhmat, was the Chief Mufti of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria in the 1990s during and after the First Chechen War. At the outbreak of the Second Chechen War he switched sides, offering his service to the Russian government, and later became the President of the Chechen Republic from 5 October 2003, acting as head of administration since July 2000. On 9 May 2004, he was assassinated by Chechen Islamists in Grozny, using a bomb blast during a World War II memorial victory parade. His son, Ramzan Kadyrov, who led his father's militia, became one of his successors in March 2007 as the President of the Chechen Republic.
With an HPI of 68.31, Ablai Khan is the 9th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 21 different languages.
Wali-ullah Abul-Mansur Khan better known as Abylai Khan (Kazakh: Абылай (Әбілмансұр) хан, Abylaı (Ábilmansur) han) (May 23, 1711 — May 23, 1781) was a Kazakh khan of the Middle Kazakh jüz of Kazakhstan Khanate.
With an HPI of 65.87, Dinmukhamed Kunaev is the 10th most famous Kazakhstani Politician. His biography has been translated into 22 different languages.
Dinmukhamed Akhmetuly "Dimash" Kunaev (Kazakh: Дінмұхаммед (Димаш) Ахметұлы Қонаев, Dіnmuhammed (Dımash) Ahmetuly Qonaev; Russian: Динмухаммед Ахмедович Кунаев; 12 January 1912 [O.S. 31 December 1911] – 22 August 1993) was a Kazakh Soviet communist politician who served as the First Secretary of the Commmunist Party of Kazakhstan.
Pantheon has 28 people classified as politicians born between 600 BC and 1970. Of these 28, 15 (53.57%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Nursultan Nazarbayev, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, and Vladimir Zhirinovsky. The most famous deceased politicians include Tomyris, Seljuk, and Muhammad Shaybani. As of October 2020, 2 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Abul Khair Khan and Mustafa Shokay.
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600 BC - 600 BC
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Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 9 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.