The Most Famous

POLITICIANS from Kazakhstan

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This page contains a list of the greatest Kazakhstani Politicians. The pantheon dataset contains 15,710 Politicians, 28 of which were born in Kazakhstan. This makes Kazakhstan the birth place of the 77th most number of Politicians behind North Macedonia and Azerbaijan.

Top 10

The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary Kazakhstani Politicians of all time. This list of famous Kazakhstani Politicians is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of Kazakhstani Politicians.

Photo of Tomyris

1. Tomyris (-600 - -600)

With an HPI of 79.73, Tomyris is the most famous Kazakhstani Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 44 different languages on wikipedia.

Tomyris (; from Eastern Iranian: Tahmirih "Brave"), also called Thomyris, Tomris, Tomiride, or Queen Tomiri, reigned over the Massagetae, an Iranian people from Scythian pastoral-nomadic confederation of Central Asia east of the Caspian Sea, in parts of modern-day Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, western Uzbekistan, and southern Kazakhstan. Tomyris led her armies to defend against an attack by Cyrus the Great of the Achaemenid Empire, and, according to Herodotus, defeated and killed him in 530 BC.

Photo of Nursultan Nazarbayev

2. Nursultan Nazarbayev (1940 - )

With an HPI of 78.17, Nursultan Nazarbayev is the 2nd most famous Kazakhstani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 90 different languages.

Nursultan Ábishuly Nazarbayev (Kazakh pronunciation: [nʊrsʊlˈtɑn æbəɕʊˈlə nɑzɑɾˈbɑjɪf]; Kazakh: Нұрсұлтан Әбишұлы Назарбаев, Nursultan Äbişuly Nazarbaev; born 6 July 1940) is a Kazakh politician currently serving as the Chairman of the Security Council of Kazakhstan who previously served as the first President of Kazakhstan, in office from 24 April 1990 until his formal resignation on 19 March 2019. He is one of the longest-ruling non-royal leaders in the world, having ruled Kazakhstan for nearly three decades. He was named First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Kazakh SSR in 1989 and was elected as the nation's first president following its independence from the Soviet Union. He holds the title "Leader of the Nation". In April 2015, Nazarbayev was re-elected with almost 98% of the vote, as he ran virtually unopposed.Some have characterized Nazarbaev's rule in Kazakhstan as a dictatorship. He has been accused of human rights abuses by several human rights organisations and suppressed dissent and presided over an authoritarian regime. According to independent observers, from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, no election held in Kazakhstan since independence has been free and fair by international standards. In 2010, he announced reforms to encourage a multi-party system. In January 2017, Nazarbayev proposed constitutional reforms that would delegate powers to the Parliament of Kazakhstan.In March 2019, he unexpectedly resigned from presidency due to public pressure. However he still maintains the title as "Elbasy" (meaning "Leader of the Nation") where he is immune from any criminal prosecution and currently serves as the chairman of the Security Council, ruling party Nur Otan, and Assembly of People of Kazakhstan. Nazarbayev is also a member of the Constitutional Council, and an honorary member of the Senate of Kazakhstan.

Photo of Seljuk

3. Seljuk (902 - 1038)

With an HPI of 74.13, Seljuk is the 3rd most famous Kazakhstani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 34 different languages.

Seljuk Beg (Persian: سلجوق ﺑﯿﮓ‎) Saljūq; also romanized Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; modern Turkish: Selçuk bey; Turkmen: Seljuk beg Dukak; Azerbaijani: Səlcuq bəy died c. 1039) was an Oghuz Turkic warlord, eponymous founder of the Seljuk dynasty.

Photo of Muhammad Shaybani

4. Muhammad Shaybani (1451 - 1510)

With an HPI of 73.20, Muhammad Shaybani is the 4th most famous Kazakhstani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 28 different languages.

Muhammad Shaybani Khan (Uzbek: Muhammad Shayboniy, also known as Abul-Fath Shaybani Khan or Shayabak Khan or Shahi Beg Khan, originally named "Shibägh", which means "wormwood" or "obsidian") (c. 1451 – 2 December 1510), was an Uzbek leader who consolidated various Uzbek tribes and laid the foundations for their ascendance in Transoxiana and the establishment of the Khanate of Bukhara. He was a Shaybanid or descendant of Shiban (or Shayban), the fifth son of Jochi, Genghis Khan's eldest son. His father was Sheikh Haidar, son of Abu'l-Khayr Khan.

Photo of Kassym-Jomart Tokayev

5. Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (1953 - )

With an HPI of 70.97, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev is the 5th most famous Kazakhstani Politician.  Her biography has been translated into 56 different languages.

Kassym-Jomart Kemeluly Tokayev (Kazakh: Қасым-Жомарт Кемелұлы Тоқаев, Qаsım-Jomаrt Kemelulı Тoqаev, [qɑˈsəm ʒɔˈmɑrt kɛˌmɛluˈlə tɔˈqɑjɪf], born 17 May 1953) is a Kazakh politician and diplomat. He took office as the president of Kazakhstan on 20 March 2019, succeeding Nursultan Nazarbayev, who resigned on 19 March 2019 after 29 years in office. Tokayev was elected president of Kazakhstan in a snap election on 9 June 2019 with 71% of the popular vote. According to the OSCE, "significant irregularities were observed on election day, including cases of ballot box stuffing, and a disregard of counting procedures meant that an honest count could not be guaranteed." "There were widespread detentions of peaceful protesters on election day in major cities", said the OSCE in their Statement of Preliminary Findings and Conclusions.He was Chair of the Senate of Kazakhstan from 11 January 2007 to 15 April 2011 and from 16 October 2013 to 19 March 2019. Tokayev served as Prime Minister of Kazakhstan from 1 October 1999 to 28 January 2002 and as Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva from 12 March 2011 to 16 October 2013.

Photo of Aslan Maskhadov

6. Aslan Maskhadov (1951 - 2005)

With an HPI of 70.86, Aslan Maskhadov is the 6th most famous Kazakhstani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 53 different languages.

Aslan (Khalid) Aliyevich Maskhadov (Russian: Асла́н (Хали́д) Али́евич Масха́дов; Chechen: Аслан Али кӏант Масхадан, romanized: Aslan Ali-khant Masxadan; 21 September 1951 – 8 March 2005) was a politician who served as the third President of the unrecognized Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. He was credited by many with the Chechen victory in the First Chechen War, which allowed for the establishment of the de facto independent Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. Maskhadov was elected President of Chechnya in January 1997. Following the start of the Second Chechen War in August 1999, he returned to leading the guerrilla resistance against the Russian army. De facto Ichkeria ceased to exist at the beginning of 2000. Until his death, Maskhadov was President in exile. He was killed in Tolstoy-Yurt, a village in northern Chechnya, in March 2005.

Photo of Vladimir Zhirinovsky

7. Vladimir Zhirinovsky (1946 - )

With an HPI of 70.54, Vladimir Zhirinovsky is the 7th most famous Kazakhstani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 56 different languages.

Vladimir Volfovich Zhirinovsky (Russian: Владимир Вольфович Жириновский, né Eidelstein, Эйдельштейн; born 25 April 1946) is a Russian politician and leader of the Liberal Democratic Party of Russia. He is fiercely nationalist and has been described as "a showman of Russian politics, blending populist and nationalist rhetoric, anti-Western invective and a brash, confrontational style". His views have been described in the West as fascist. He is considered by Russian scholars as a neo-Eurasianist.

Photo of Akhmad Kadyrov

8. Akhmad Kadyrov (1951 - 2004)

With an HPI of 70.30, Akhmad Kadyrov is the 8th most famous Kazakhstani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 42 different languages.

Akhmad-Haji Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov (Russian: Ахмат-Хаджи Абдулхамидович Кадыров; Chechen: Къадири lабдулхьамидан кlант Ахьмад-Хьажи / Q̇adiri Jabdulẋamidan khant Aẋmad-Ẋaƶi; 23 August 1951 – 9 May 2004), also spelled Akhmat, was the Chief Mufti of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria in the 1990s during and after the First Chechen War. At the outbreak of the Second Chechen War he switched sides, offering his service to the Russian government, and later became the President of the Chechen Republic from 5 October 2003, acting as head of administration since July 2000. On 9 May 2004, he was assassinated by Chechen Islamists in Grozny, using a bomb blast during a World War II memorial victory parade. His son, Ramzan Kadyrov, who led his father's militia, became one of his successors in March 2007 as the President of the Chechen Republic.

Photo of Ablai Khan

9. Ablai Khan (1711 - 1781)

With an HPI of 68.31, Ablai Khan is the 9th most famous Kazakhstani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 21 different languages.

Wali-ullah Abul-Mansur Khan better known as Abylai Khan (Kazakh: Абылай (Әбілмансұр) хан, Abylaı (Ábilmansur) han) (May 23, 1711 — May 23, 1781) was a Kazakh khan of the Kazakh Khanate.

Photo of Dinmukhamed Kunaev

10. Dinmukhamed Kunaev (1912 - 1993)

With an HPI of 65.87, Dinmukhamed Kunaev is the 10th most famous Kazakhstani Politician.  His biography has been translated into 22 different languages.

Dinmukhamed Akhmetuly "Dimash" Kunaev (Kazakh: Дінмұхаммед (Димаш) Ахметұлы Қонаев, Dіnmuhammed (Dımash) Ahmetuly Qonaev; Russian: Динмухаммед Ахмедович Кунаев; 12 January 1912 [O.S. 31 December 1911] – 22 August 1993) was a Kazakh Soviet communist politician who served as the First Secretary of the Commmunist Party of Kazakhstan.

Pantheon has 28 people classified as politicians born between 600 BC and 1970. Of these 28, 15 (53.57%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living politicians include Nursultan Nazarbayev, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, and Vladimir Zhirinovsky. The most famous deceased politicians include Tomyris, Seljuk, and Muhammad Shaybani. As of October 2020, 2 new politicians have been added to Pantheon including Abul Khair Khan and Mustafa Shokay.

Living Politicians

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Deceased Politicians

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Newly Added Politicians (2020)

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Which Politicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 9 most globally memorable Politicians since 1700.