Harun al-Rashid

766 - 809

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Abu Ja'far Harun ibn Muhammad al-Mahdi (Arabic: أَبُو جَعْفَر هَارُون ٱبْنِ مُحَمَّد ٱلْمَهْدِيّ, romanized: Abū Ja'far Hārūn ibn Muḥammad al-Mahdī), or simply Harun ibn al-Mahdi (Arabic: هَارُون ٱبْنِ ٱلْمَهْدِيّ; c. 763 or 766 – 24 March 809), famously known as Harun al-Rashid (Arabic: هَارُون ٱلرَّشِيد, romanized: Hārūn ar-Rashīd), was the fifth Abbasid caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate, reigning from September 786 until his death in March 809. His reign is traditionally regarded to be the beginning of the Islamic Golden Age. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Harun al-Rashid has received more than 2,439,185 page views. His biography is available in 81 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 77 in 2019). Harun al-Rashid is the 221st most popular politician (down from 214th in 2019), the 10th most popular biography from Iran (down from 9th in 2019) and the 6th most popular Iranian Politician.

Harun al-Rashid was the fifth caliph of the Abbasid dynasty and is most famous for his patronage of learning and the arts.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 77.53

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 81

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.05

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.22

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Harun al-Rashid ranks 221 out of 19,576Before him are Jacques Chirac, Tomyris, Klemens von Metternich, Louis IX of France, Nicholas I of Russia, and Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor. After him are Sonia Gandhi, Leopold II of Belgium, Joseph Goebbels, António de Oliveira Salazar, Sennacherib, and Mehmed VI.

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Among people born in 766, Harun al-Rashid ranks 1After him is Zubaidah bint Ja`far. Among people deceased in 809, Harun al-Rashid ranks 1After him are Ludger, Aureolus of Aragon, and Ōtomo no Otomaro.

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In Iran

Among people born in Iran, Harun al-Rashid ranks 10 out of 631Before him are Ruhollah Khomeini (1902), Cyrus the Great (-600), Xerxes I (-519), Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919), Ali Khamenei (1939), and Darius III (-380). After him are Ismail I (1487), Abu Nuwas (762), Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi (865), Jabir ibn Hayyan (721), Esther (-600), and Hassan-i Sabbah (1050).

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Among politicians born in Iran, Harun al-Rashid ranks 6Before him are Cyrus the Great (-600), Xerxes I (-519), Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919), Ali Khamenei (1939), and Darius III (-380). After him are Cambyses II (-550), Malik-Shah I (1055), Tahmasp I (1514), Nader Shah (1688), Khosrow I (501), and Reza Shah (1878).