524 BC - 459 BC

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Themistocles (; Greek: Θεμιστοκλῆς; c. 524 – c. 459 BC) was an Athenian politician and general. He was one of a new breed of non-aristocratic politicians who rose to prominence in the early years of the Athenian democracy. As a politician, Themistocles was a populist, having the support of lower-class Athenians, and generally being at odds with the Athenian nobility. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Themistocles has received more than 2,225,530 page views. His biography is available in 66 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 65 in 2019). Themistocles is the 19th most popular military personnel (down from 11th in 2019), the 38th most popular biography from Greece (down from 30th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Greek Military Personnel.

Themistocles is most famous for leading the Athenian navy to victory against the Persians at the Battle of Salamis in 480 BC.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.2M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 76.55

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 66

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.23

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.07

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among military personnels, Themistocles ranks 19 out of 2,058Before him are William Wallace, Jochi, Ptolemy I Soter, Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell, Charles XIV John of Sweden, and Chiang Kai-shek. After him are Manfred von Richthofen, Erich von Manstein, Cao Cao, Friedrich Paulus, Arminius, and Heinz Guderian.

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Among people born in 524 BC, Themistocles ranks 1After him is Epicharmus of Kos. Among people deceased in 459 BC, Themistocles ranks 1

Others Born in 524 BC

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Others Deceased in 459 BC

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Themistocles ranks 38 out of 1,024Before him are Leonidas I (-540), Muhammad Ali of Egypt (1769), Ptolemy I Soter (-367), Nurbanu Sultan (1525), Cleisthenes (-565), and Gorgias (-483). After him are Solon (-638), Myron (-500), Alcibiades (-450), Draco (-650), Pyrrhus of Epirus (-318), and Polybius (-208).


Among military personnels born in Greece, Themistocles ranks 4Before him are Alexander the Great (-356), Spartacus (-109), and Ptolemy I Soter (-367). After him are Pyrrhus of Epirus (-318), Miltiades (-540), Seleucus I Nicator (-358), Hephaestion (-356), Cimon (-510), Pittacus of Mytilene (-650), Parmenion (-400), and Mardonius (-600).