Cesare Borgia

1475 - 1507

Photo of Cesare Borgia

Icon of person Cesare Borgia

Cesare Borgia (Italian pronunciation: [ˈtʃeːzare ˈbɔrdʒa, ˈtʃɛː-]; Valencian: Cèsar Borja [ˈsɛzaɾ ˈbɔɾdʒa]; Spanish: César Borja [ˈθesaɾ ˈβoɾxa]; 13 September 1475 – 12 March 1507) was an Italian cardinal and condottiero (mercenary leader), an illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI and member of the Spanish-Aragonese House of Borgia. His fight for power was a major inspiration for The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli. After initially entering the Church and becoming a cardinal on his father's election to the papacy, he resigned after the death of his brother in 1498. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Cesare Borgia has received more than 5,476,686 page views. His biography is available in 52 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 50 in 2019). Cesare Borgia is the 26th most popular military personnel, the 131st most popular biography from Italy (down from 120th in 2019) and the most popular Italian Military Personnel.

Cesare Borgia is most famous for being the son of Pope Alexander VI and for his military conquests in Italy.

Memorability Metrics

  • 5.5M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.71

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 52

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.24

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.09

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among military personnels, Cesare Borgia ranks 26 out of 2,058Before him are Manfred von Richthofen, Erich von Manstein, Cao Cao, Friedrich Paulus, Arminius, and Heinz Guderian. After him are Jan Žižka, Wilhelm Keitel, Guan Yu, Vercingetorix, Tokugawa Ieyasu, and Eugène de Beauharnais.

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Among people born in 1475, Cesare Borgia ranks 3Before him are Michelangelo, and Pope Leo X. After him are Paolo Uccello, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Diego de Almagro, Sebastiano Serlio, Bernardino Luini, Beatrice d'Este, Afonso, Prince of Portugal, Luis Ramírez de Lucena, and Maximus the Greek. Among people deceased in 1507, Cesare Borgia ranks 1After him are Martin Behaim, Gentile Bellini, Francis of Paola, Cosimo Rosselli, and Albertus Pictor.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Cesare Borgia ranks 131 out of 5,161Before him are John Bosco (1815), Donato Bramante (1443), Clare of Assisi (1193), Andrea Palladio (1508), Pope Gregory XVI (1765), and Paolo Veronese (1528). After him are Pope Urban VII (1521), Andrea del Verrocchio (1435), Pope Boniface VIII (1235), Pope Gregory IX (1160), Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632), and Giuseppe Arcimboldo (1526).


Among military personnels born in Italy, Cesare Borgia ranks 1After him are Germanicus (-15), Nero Claudius Drusus (-38), Andrea Doria (1466), Gaius Julius Caesar (-135), Bohemond I of Antioch (1054), Matilda of Tuscany (1046), Giovanni Giustiniani (1418), Lucius Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus (-229), Roger de Flor (1267), Italo Balbo (1896), and Raimondo Montecuccoli (1609).