Friedrich Engels

1820 - 1895

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Friedrich Engels ( ENG-gəlz; German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈʔɛŋl̩s]; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, political theorist, historian, journalist, and revolutionary socialist. He was also a businessman and Karl Marx's closest friend and collaborator, serving as a leading authority on Marxism. Engels, the son of a wealthy textile manufacturer, met Marx in 1844. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Friedrich Engels has received more than 4,864,483 page views. His biography is available in 125 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 118 in 2019). Friedrich Engels is the 25th most popular philosopher (up from 27th in 2019), the 25th most popular biography from Germany and the 3rd most popular German Philosopher.

Friedrich Engels is most famous for co-writing the Communist Manifesto with Karl Marx.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 125

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.51

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.05

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Friedrich Engels ranks 25 out of 1,267Before him are Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Arthur Schopenhauer, Montesquieu, Democritus, Epicurus, and Seneca the Younger. After him are Averroes, Auguste Comte, Thomas Hobbes, Al-Ghazali, Erasmus, and Diogenes.

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Among people born in 1820, Friedrich Engels ranks 1After him are Florence Nightingale, Herbert Spencer, Victor Emmanuel II of Italy, Anne Brontë, Nadar, Henri, Count of Chambord, Jenny Lind, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, Multatuli, Harriet Tubman, and Susan B. Anthony. Among people deceased in 1895, Friedrich Engels ranks 2Before him is Louis Pasteur. After him are Alexandre Dumas fils, Berthe Morisot, Thomas Henry Huxley, Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Empress Myeongseong, Isma'il Pasha, Julius Lothar Meyer, José Martí, Adam Opel, and Friedrich Miescher.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Friedrich Engels ranks 25 out of 7,253Before him are Max Weber (1864), George Frideric Handel (1685), Wilhelm Röntgen (1845), Empress Elisabeth of Austria (1837), Frederick the Great (1712), and Robert Schumann (1810). After him are Max Planck (1858), Johannes Brahms (1833), Karl Dönitz (1891), Anne Frank (1929), Friedrich Schiller (1759), and Martin Heidegger (1889).


Among philosophers born in Germany, Friedrich Engels ranks 3Before him are Friedrich Nietzsche (1844), and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770). After him are Martin Heidegger (1889), Hannah Arendt (1906), Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762), Ludwig Feuerbach (1804), Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775), Karl Jaspers (1883), Jürgen Habermas (1929), Carl von Clausewitz (1780), and Nicholas of Cusa (1401).