Pierre-Joseph Proudhon

1809 - 1865

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Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (UK: , US: , French: [pjɛʁ ʒɔzɛf pʁudɔ̃]; 15 January 1809 – 19 January 1865) was a French socialist, politician, philosopher, and economist who founded mutualist philosophy and is considered by many to be the "father of anarchism". He was the first person to declare himself an anarchist, using that term, and is widely regarded as one of anarchism's most influential theorists. Proudhon became a member of the French Parliament after the Revolution of 1848, whereafter he referred to himself as a federalist. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon has received more than 1,628,137 page views. His biography is available in 72 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 68 in 2019). Pierre-Joseph Proudhon is the 94th most popular philosopher (up from 98th in 2019), the 172nd most popular biography from France (up from 184th in 2019) and the 8th most popular French Philosopher.

Proudhon was a French socialist and anarchist who was most famous for his work What is Property? or, an Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 72

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.63

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.26

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon ranks 94 out of 1,267Before him are Theophrastus, Johann Gottfried Herder, Ibn Taymiyyah, Leucippus, Walter Benjamin, and Zhuang Zhou. After him are Jean Bodin, Boethius, Jeremy Bentham, George Gurdjieff, Roger Bacon, and Anaximenes of Miletus.

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Among people born in 1809, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon ranks 7Before him are Charles Darwin, Edgar Allan Poe, Abraham Lincoln, Felix Mendelssohn, Nikolai Gogol, and Louis Braille. After him are Georges-Eugène Haussmann, Albert Pike, Bruno Bauer, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, Joseph Liouville, and William Ewart Gladstone. Among people deceased in 1865, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon ranks 3Before him are Abraham Lincoln, and John Wilkes Booth. After him are Ignaz Semmelweis, Leopold I of Belgium, Emil Lenz, William Rowan Hamilton, Anna Pavlovna of Russia, Johann Franz Encke, Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, Nicholas Alexandrovich, Tsesarevich of Russia, and Christian Jürgensen Thomsen.

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In France

Among people born in France, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon ranks 172 out of 6,770Before him are Jacques Cousteau (1910), Henry Cavendish (1731), Jean Racine (1639), Tacitus (54), Jean-Philippe Rameau (1683), and Edward IV of England (1442). After him are Jean Bodin (1530), Pope Urban V (1310), Annie Ernaux (1940), Louis VII of France (1120), Bernadette Soubirous (1844), and Louis VIII of France (1187).


Among philosophers born in France, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon ranks 8Before him are Montesquieu (1689), Auguste Comte (1798), Michel Foucault (1926), Henri Bergson (1859), Michel de Montaigne (1533), and Peter Abelard (1079). After him are Jean Bodin (1530), Roland Barthes (1915), Gilles Deleuze (1925), Henri de Saint-Simon (1760), Simone Weil (1909), and Charles Fourier (1772).