Georgios Papanikolaou

1883 - 1962

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Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou (or George Papanicolaou ; Greek: Γεώργιος Ν. Παπανικολάου [papanikoˈlau]; 13 May 1883 – 19 February 1962) was a Greek physician who was a pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection, and inventor of the "Pap smear". After studying medicine in Greece and Germany, he emigrated in 1913 to the United States. He first reported that uterine cancer cells could be detected in vaginal smears in 1928, but his work was not widely recognized until the 1940s. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Georgios Papanikolaou has received more than 733,963 page views. His biography is available in 35 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 34 in 2019). Georgios Papanikolaou is the 118th most popular physician (down from 42nd in 2019), the 208th most popular biography from Greece (down from 90th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Greek Physician.

Georgios Papanikolaou is most famous for his invention of the Pap smear, a screening test for cervical cancer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 730k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.01

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 35

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.67

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.47

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Georgios Papanikolaous by language


Among physicians, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 118 out of 509Before him are Marie François Xavier Bichat, Otto Loewi, Ulf von Euler, Erasistratus, Elizabeth Blackwell, and Guy de Chauliac. After him are Robin Cook, Herbert Spencer Gasser, Jens Christian Skou, Albrecht von Haller, Johann Joachim Becher, and Heo Jun.

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Among people born in 1883, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 39Before him are Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov, A. S. Neill, Peter Kürten, Mohammed Nadir Shah, Alexander Yegorov, and Nina Ricci. After him are Giovanni Messe, Angela Hitler, Max Linder, Adolph Joffe, Gottfried Feder, and Döme Sztójay. Among people deceased in 1962, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 28Before him are Charles Laughton, C. Wright Mills, René Coty, Therese Neumann, Hans-Jürgen von Arnim, and Bruno Walter. After him are Alfred Cortot, Ronald Fisher, Hans Lammers, Jacques Ibert, Joseph Berchtold, and Ivan Meštrović.

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Others Deceased in 1962

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 208 out of 855Before him are Gotse Delchev (1872), Manolis Glezos (1922), Princess Olga of Greece and Denmark (1903), Exekias (-501), Erasistratus (-303), and Alexander I of Epirus (-362). After him are Quintus Curtius Rufus (41), Timon of Phlius (-320), Antiochus V Eupator (-173), Demaratus (-600), Andreas Papandreou (1919), and Agathon (-448).

Among PHYSICIANS In Greece

Among physicians born in Greece, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 3Before him are Hippocrates (-460) and Erasistratus (-303). After him are Paul of Aegina (625).