Georgios Papanikolaou

1883 - 1962

Georgios Papanikolaou

Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou (or George Papanicolaou ; Greek: Γεώργιος Ν. Παπανικολάου [papanikoˈlau]; 13 May 1883 – 19 February 1962) was a Greek physician who was a pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection, and inventor of the "Pap smear". After studying medicine in Greece and Germany, he emigrated in 1913 to the United States. He first reported that uterine cancer cells could be detected in vaginal smears in 1928, but his work was not widely recognized until the 1940s. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Georgios Papanikolaou has received more than 700,645 page views. His biography is available in 34 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 43rd most popular physician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 700k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.72

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 34

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.49

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.04

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Georgios Papanikolaous by language


Among physicians, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 42 out of 438Before him are François Duvalier, Niels Ryberg Finsen, Polycarp, Ambroise Paré, Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, and René Laennec. After him are Christiaan Barnard, Hua Tuo, Hans Asperger, Al-Zahrawi, António Egas Moniz, and Santiago Ramón y Cajal.

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Among people born in 1883, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 18Before him are Victor Francis Hess, Lev Kamenev, José Ortega y Gasset, Morihei Ueshiba, Napoleon Hill, and Pierre Laval. After him are Grigory Zinoviev, Clement Attlee, Celâl Bayar, Otto Heinrich Warburg, Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy, and Theo van Doesburg. Among people deceased in 1962, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 13Before him are Karen Blixen, Lucky Luciano, Eleanor Roosevelt, Arthur Compton, Georges Bataille, and Yves Klein. After him are Gaston Bachelard, Stuart Sutcliffe, Auguste Piccard, Princess Marie Bonaparte, Michael Curtiz, and Fritz Kreisler.

Others Born in 1883

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Others Deceased in 1962

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 90 out of 698Before him are Polycrates (-600), Critias (-460), Nestor (null), Galla Placidia (388), John III Doukas Vatatzes (1192), and Aristides (-550). After him are Melina Mercouri (1920), Perseus of Macedon (-212), Pope Hyginus (100), Agrippina the Elder (-14), Phaedrus (-20), and Ephialtes of Trachis (-550).

Among PHYSICIANS In Greece

Among physicians born in Greece, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 2Before him are Hippocrates (-460). After him are Erasistratus (-303) and Paul of Aegina (625).

Physicians Born in Greece

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