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Georgios Papanikolaou

1883 - 1962

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Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou (or George Papanicolaou ; Greek: Γεώργιος Ν. Παπανικολάου [papanikoˈlau]; 13 May 1883 – 19 February 1962) was a Greek physician, zoologist and microscopist who was a pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer detection, and inventor of the "Pap smear". After studying medicine in Greece and Germany, he emigrated in 1913 to the United States and was faculty at Cornell Medical College. He first reported that uterine cancer cells could be detected in vaginal smears in 1928, but his work was not widely recognized until the 1940s. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Georgios Papanikolaou has received more than 823,508 page views. His biography is available in 37 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 35 in 2019). Georgios Papanikolaou is the 142nd most popular physician (down from 118th in 2019), the 225th most popular biography from Greece (down from 208th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Greek Physician.

Georgios Papanikolaou is most famous for his invention of the Pap smear, a screening test for cervical cancer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 820k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 61.35

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 37

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.35

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.68

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Georgios Papanikolaous by language


Among physicians, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 142 out of 502Before him are Robin Cook, Haldan Keffer Hartline, Agnodice, Mungo Park, Ulf von Euler, and Theodor Billroth. After him are Jean Marc Gaspard Itard, Heo Jun, Louis Ignarro, Baruj Benacerraf, André Frédéric Cournand, and Baruch Samuel Blumberg.

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Among people born in 1883, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 43Before him are Angela Hitler, Nina Ricci, Giovanni Messe, Gottfried Feder, Zaifeng, Prince Chun, and Douglas Fairbanks. After him are Döme Sztójay, Max Linder, Gino Severini, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Joseph Pilates, and Rudolf Weigl. Among people deceased in 1962, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 31Before him are Therese Neumann, Bruno Walter, Joseph Berchtold, Ronald Fisher, Alfred Cortot, and Hans Lammers. After him are Charles Laughton, Jacques Ibert, Hanns Eisler, Gabriele Münter, Killing of Peter Fechter, and Archduke Joseph August of Austria.

Others Born in 1883

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 225 out of 936Before him are Alexander I of Epirus (-362), Thessalonike of Macedon (-352), Cleobulus (-590), Antiphon (-480), Aristarchus of Samothrace (-217), and Herodes Atticus (101). After him are Memnon of Rhodes (-380), Hipparchus (-600), Alexandra of Yugoslavia (1921), Phocion (-402), Berenice I of Egypt (-340), and Princess Margarita of Greece and Denmark (1905).

Among PHYSICIANS In Greece

Among physicians born in Greece, Georgios Papanikolaou ranks 2Before him are Hippocrates (-460). After him are Erasistratus (-303) and Paul of Aegina (625).