Friedrich Ratzel

1844 - 1904

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Friedrich Ratzel (August 30, 1844 – August 9, 1904) was a German geographer and ethnographer, notable for first using the term Lebensraum ("living space") in the sense that the National Socialists later would. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Friedrich Ratzel has received more than 234,963 page views. His biography is available in 44 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 42 in 2019). Friedrich Ratzel is the 1,407th most popular politician (down from 1,240th in 2019), the 400th most popular biography from Germany (down from 339th in 2019) and the 106th most popular German Politician.

Friedrich Ratzel was a German geographer and ethnologist who is most famous for his work in the field of ethnology, specifically in regards to the study of race.

Memorability Metrics

  • 230k

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  • 74.70

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 44

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.95

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.97

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Friedrich Ratzel ranks 1,407 out of 15,710Before him are Ferdinand III of Castile, Carol I of Romania, Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona, Alexios IV Angelos, Imad ad-Din Zengi, and Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma. After him are Mary of Guise, Theodoric I, Anne Neville, Jehoiakim, William II of England, and Peter of Castile.

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Among people born in 1844, Friedrich Ratzel ranks 17Before him are Ludwig Boltzmann, Alexandra of Denmark, Umberto I of Italy, Peter I of Serbia, Mary Cassatt, and Pablo de Sarasate. After him are Menelik II, Muhammad Ahmad, Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Friedrich Miescher, and Ismail Qemali. Among people deceased in 1904, Friedrich Ratzel ranks 10Before him are Murad V, Isabella II of Spain, Henry Morton Stanley, Jean-Léon Gérôme, Eadweard Muybridge, and Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi. After him are Abai Qunanbaiuly, Gabriel Tarde, Henri Fantin-Latour, Paul Kruger, George, King of Saxony, and Étienne-Jules Marey.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Friedrich Ratzel ranks 400 out of 5,289Before him are Christopher of Bavaria (1416), Wilhelm Schickard (1592), Robert Bunsen (1811), Lothar Matthäus (1961), Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers (1758), and Carol I of Romania (1839). After him are Chlodio (393), Lucas Cranach the Younger (1515), Franz Brentano (1838), Frederica of Hanover (1917), Arno Allan Penzias (1933), and Wilhelm List (1880).

Among POLITICIANS In Germany

Among politicians born in Germany, Friedrich Ratzel ranks 106Before him are Theodor Heuss (1884), Gregor Strasser (1892), Christian V of Denmark (1646), Ernst Thälmann (1886), Christopher of Bavaria (1416), and Carol I of Romania (1839). After him are Chlodio (393), Leo von Caprivi (1831), Ananda Mahidol (1925), Georgy Lvov (1861), Friedrich Fromm (1888), and Robert Ley (1890).