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Friedrich Ratzel

1844 - 1904

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Friedrich Ratzel (August 30, 1844 – August 9, 1904) was a German geographer and ethnographer, notable for first using the term Lebensraum ("living space") in the sense that the National Socialists later would. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Friedrich Ratzel has received more than 311,811 page views. His biography is available in 45 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 44 in 2019). Friedrich Ratzel is the 878th most popular politician (up from 1,405th in 2019), the 247th most popular biography from Germany (up from 400th in 2019) and the 74th most popular German Politician.

Friedrich Ratzel was a German geographer and ethnologist who is most famous for his work in the field of ethnology, specifically in regards to the study of race.

Memorability Metrics

  • 310k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 70.11

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 45

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.60

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.05

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Friedrich Ratzels by language


Among politicians, Friedrich Ratzel ranks 878 out of 15,577Before him are Abū Lahab, Irma Grese, Justin I, Joachim Gauck, James V of Scotland, and Crixus. After him are Pepin of Herstal, Pietro Badoglio, Barbara of Cilli, Shamil, 3rd Imam of Dagestan, Andrei Gromyko, and Hua Guofeng.

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Among people born in 1844, Friedrich Ratzel ranks 15Before him are Bernadette Soubirous, Henri Rousseau, Ludwig Boltzmann, Peter I of Serbia, Umberto I of Italy, and Alexandra of Denmark. After him are Mary Cassatt, Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Pablo de Sarasate, Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Menelik II, and Muhammad Ahmad. Among people deceased in 1904, Friedrich Ratzel ranks 7Before him are Anton Chekhov, Antonín Dvořák, Theodor Herzl, Murad V, Isabella II of Spain, and Henry Morton Stanley. After him are Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, Jean-Léon Gérôme, Niels Ryberg Finsen, Eadweard Muybridge, Gabriel Tarde, and Abai Qunanbaiuly.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Friedrich Ratzel ranks 247 out of 6,142Before him are Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (1086), Frank-Walter Steinmeier (1956), Martin Niemöller (1892), Kurt von Schleicher (1882), Irma Grese (1923), and Joachim Gauck (1940). After him are Adam Weishaupt (1748), Ferdinand Tönnies (1855), Ernst Jünger (1895), Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk (1887), Elizabeth Charlotte, Madame Palatine (1652), and Max Stirner (1806).

Among POLITICIANS In Germany

Among politicians born in Germany, Friedrich Ratzel ranks 74Before him are Wilm Hosenfeld (1895), Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (1086), Frank-Walter Steinmeier (1956), Kurt von Schleicher (1882), Irma Grese (1923), and Joachim Gauck (1940). After him are Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk (1887), Julius Streicher (1885), Helmut Schmidt (1918), Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg (1620), Princess Ludovika of Bavaria (1808), and Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor (955).