Marcel Mauss

1872 - 1950

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Marcel Mauss (French: [mos]; 10 May 1872 – 10 February 1950) was a French sociologist and anthropologist known as the "father of French ethnology". The nephew of Émile Durkheim, Mauss, in his academic work, crossed the boundaries between sociology and anthropology. Today, he is perhaps better recognised for his influence on the latter discipline, particularly with respect to his analyses of topics such as magic, sacrifice and gift exchange in different cultures around the world. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Marcel Mauss has received more than 593,947 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 41 in 2019). Marcel Mauss is the 11th most popular sociologist, the 532nd most popular biography from France (down from 518th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular French Sociologist.

Marcel Mauss is most famous for his book The Gift, which he wrote in 1925. In this book, he argues that gift-giving is the fundamental basis of human society.

Memorability Metrics

  • 590k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.65

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.32

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.39

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among sociologists, Marcel Mauss ranks 11 out of 79Before him are Robert K. Merton, Georg Simmel, Talcott Parsons, Erving Goffman, Anthony Giddens, and Norbert Elias. After him are Ulrich Beck, Immanuel Wallerstein, Niklas Luhmann, Gabriel Tarde, Karl Mannheim, and Manuel Castells.

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Among people born in 1872, Marcel Mauss ranks 11Before him are Alexandra Kollontai, Alexandra Feodorovna, Calvin Coolidge, Johan Huizinga, Charles Greeley Abbot, and Paul Langevin. After him are Anton Denikin, Emil Hácha, Richard Willstätter, Léon Blum, Sergei Diaghilev, and Louis Blériot. Among people deceased in 1950, Marcel Mauss ranks 10Before him are Joseph Schumpeter, Johannes V. Jensen, Vaslav Nijinsky, Albert Lebrun, Heinrich Mann, and Willis Carrier. After him are Norman Haworth, Vallabhbhai Patel, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Karl Renner, Léon Blum, and Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine.

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In France

Among people born in France, Marcel Mauss ranks 532 out of 6,770Before him are Allan Kardec (1804), Richard Clayderman (1953), Charles Richet (1850), Hilary of Poitiers (315), Joseph Joffre (1852), and Avitus (395). After him are Johann Heinrich Lambert (1728), Théodore Rousseau (1812), Louis, Grand Condé (1621), Boris Vian (1920), Jacques Hébert (1757), and Héloïse (1101).


Among sociologists born in France, Marcel Mauss ranks 3Before him are Émile Durkheim (1858), and Pierre Bourdieu (1930). After him are Gabriel Tarde (1843), Alain Touraine (1925), Marcel Granet (1884), Henri Hubert (1872), and Loïc Wacquant (1960).