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Cambyses II

550 BC - 522 BC

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Cambyses II (Old Persian: 𐎣𐎲𐎢𐎪𐎡𐎹, romanized: Kaᵐbūjiya) was the second King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire from 530 to 522 BC. He was the son and successor of Cyrus the Great (r. 550 – 530 BC) and his mother was Cassandane. Before his accession, Cambyses had briefly served as the governor of northern Babylonia under his father from April to December 538 BC. Afterwards, he resided in the Babylonian cities of Babylon and Sippar, before being appointed by his father as co-ruler in 530 BC. His father then set off on an expedition against the Massagetae of Central Asia, where he met his end. Cambyses thus became the sole ruler of the vast Achaemenid Empire, facing no reported opposition. His relatively brief reign was marked by his conquests in North Africa, notably Egypt, which he conquered after his victory over the Egyptian pharaoh Psamtik III (r. 526–525 BC) at the battle of Pelusium in 525 BC. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Cambyses II has received more than 1,306,960 page views. His biography is available in 60 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 58 in 2019). Cambyses II is the 352nd most popular politician (down from 350th in 2019), the 15th most popular biography from Iran (up from 18th in 2019) and the 6th most popular Iranian Politician.

Cambyses II was the son of Cyrus the Great and was the King of Persia from 530 BC to 522 BC. Cambyses II is most famous for his invasion of Egypt in 525 BC.

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  • 75.22

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 60

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.89

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.94

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Cambyses II ranks 352 out of 15,577Before him are Khafra, Turhan Hatice Sultan, Hafsa Sultan, Mustafa II, Stepan Bandera, and Philip I of Castile. After him are Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Edward VIII, Golda Meir, Barack Obama, Herod Antipas, and Shimon Peres.

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Among people born in 550 BC, Cambyses II ranks 2Before him is Darius the Great. After him are Zechariah, Hecataeus of Miletus, Aristides, Haggai, Ephialtes of Trachis, Atossa, Mahākāśyapa, Goujian, Labashi-Marduk, and Kapila. Among people deceased in 522 BC, Cambyses II ranks 1After him are Bardiya and Nebuchadnezzar III.

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In Iran

Among people born in Iran, Cambyses II ranks 15 out of 528Before him are Harun al-Rashid (766), Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi (865), Ismail I (1487), Jabir ibn Hayyan (721), Esther (-600), and Hassan-i Sabbah (1050). After him are Malik-Shah I (1055), Ulugh Beg (1394), Ali Khamenei (1939), Hafez (1325), Abu Nuwas (762), and Nader Shah (1688).

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Among politicians born in Iran, Cambyses II ranks 6Before him are Cyrus the Great (-600), Xerxes I (-519), Darius III (-380), Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919), and Harun al-Rashid (766). After him are Malik-Shah I (1055), Ali Khamenei (1939), Nader Shah (1688), Tahmasp I (1514), Nizam al-Mulk (1018), and Khosrow I (501).