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CHEMIST

Antoine Lavoisier

1743 - 1794

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Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier ( lə-VWAH-zee-ay; French: [ɑ̃twan lɔʁɑ̃ də lavwazje]; 26 August 1743 – 8 May 1794), also Antoine Lavoisier after the French Revolution, was a French nobleman and chemist who was central to the 18th-century chemical revolution and who had a large influence on both the history of chemistry and the history of biology.It is generally accepted that Lavoisier's great accomplishments in chemistry stem largely from his changing the science from a qualitative to a quantitative one. Lavoisier is most noted for his discovery of the role oxygen plays in combustion. He named oxygen (1778), recognizing it as an element, and also recognized hydrogen as an element (1783), opposing the phlogiston theory. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Antoine Lavoisier has received more than 3,764,974 page views. His biography is available in 101 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 97 in 2019). Antoine Lavoisier is the 4th most popular chemist, the 28th most popular biography from France (up from 30th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular French Chemist.

Antoine Lavoisier is most famous for his work in chemistry. He discovered that water is made up of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen. He also discovered the law of conservation of mass, which states that matter cannot be created or destroyed, only transformed.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.8M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 81.80

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 101

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.71

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.84

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among CHEMISTS

Among chemists, Antoine Lavoisier ranks 4 out of 509Before him are Louis Pasteur, Alfred Nobel, and Dmitri Mendeleev. After him are John Dalton, Robert Boyle, Irène Joliot-Curie, Amedeo Avogadro, Svante Arrhenius, Jabir ibn Hayyan, Jöns Jacob Berzelius, and Fritz Haber.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1743, Antoine Lavoisier ranks 2Before him is Thomas Jefferson. After him are Jean-Paul Marat, Madame du Barry, Luigi Boccherini, Alessandro Cagliostro, Marquis de Condorcet, Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria, Toussaint Louverture, Martin Heinrich Klaproth, Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, and Carl Peter Thunberg. Among people deceased in 1794, Antoine Lavoisier ranks 1After him are Maximilien Robespierre, Georges Danton, Louis Antoine de Saint-Just, Cesare Beccaria, Marquis de Condorcet, Camille Desmoulins, Edward Gibbon, Jacques Hébert, Élisabeth of France, Alexandre de Beauharnais, and Georges Couthon.

Others Born in 1743

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Others Deceased in 1794

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In France

Among people born in France, Antoine Lavoisier ranks 28 out of 6,011Before him are Honoré de Balzac (1799), Napoleon III (1808), Coco Chanel (1883), Paul Cézanne (1839), Henri Matisse (1869), and Alexandre Dumas (1802). After him are Paul Gauguin (1848), Édith Piaf (1915), Louis XV of France (1710), Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807), Henry IV of France (1553), and Marcel Proust (1871).

Among CHEMISTS In France

Among chemists born in France, Antoine Lavoisier ranks 2Before him are Louis Pasteur (1822). After him are Irène Joliot-Curie (1897), Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac (1778), Henri Moissan (1852), Alfred Werner (1866), Victor Grignard (1871), Joseph Black (1728), Paul Sabatier (1854), Jacques Monod (1910), Claude Louis Berthollet (1748), and Joseph Proust (1754).