Joseph Black

1728 - 1799

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Joseph Black (16 April 1728 – 6 December 1799) was a Scottish physicist and chemist, known for his discoveries of magnesium, latent heat, specific heat, and carbon dioxide. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Joseph Black has received more than 405,053 page views. His biography is available in 56 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 54 in 2019). Joseph Black is the 65th most popular chemist (down from 48th in 2019), the 569th most popular biography from France (down from 539th in 2019) and the 11th most popular French Chemist.

Joseph Black was a Scottish chemist who discovered carbon dioxide. He also discovered the latent heat of vaporization of water, which is the amount of heat energy that is required to turn a liquid into a gas.

Memorability Metrics

  • 410k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.14

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 56

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.51

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.08

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among chemists, Joseph Black ranks 65 out of 602Before him are Otto Diels, Theodor Svedberg, Norman Haworth, Richard Willstätter, Claude Louis Berthollet, and Hans Fischer. After him are Tadeusz Reichstein, Jan Baptist van Helmont, Paul J. Crutzen, Joseph Proust, Julius Lothar Meyer, and Francis William Aston.

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Among people born in 1728, Joseph Black ranks 4Before him are James Cook, Peter III of Russia, and Johann Heinrich Lambert. After him are Anton Raphael Mengs, Niccolò Piccinni, Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden, Étienne-Louis Boullée, Chevalier d'Éon, Ali Bey al-Kabir, Maria Anna Sophia of Saxony, and Antoine Baumé. Among people deceased in 1799, Joseph Black ranks 7Before him are George Washington, Qianlong Emperor, Pope Pius VI, Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Pierre Beaumarchais, and Tipu Sultan. After him are Lazzaro Spallanzani, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, Horace Bénédict de Saussure, Victoire of France, Heshen, and Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria.

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In France

Among people born in France, Joseph Black ranks 569 out of 6,770Before him are Joan of France, Duchess of Berry (1464), Auguste de Marmont (1774), Bernard Tapie (1943), Louise Élisabeth of France (1727), René of Anjou (1409), and Jean-de-Dieu Soult (1769). After him are Élisabeth of France (1764), Daniel Auber (1782), Alaric II (458), Johnny Hallyday (1943), Peter the Hermit (1050), and Paul Bocuse (1926).

Among CHEMISTS In France

Among chemists born in France, Joseph Black ranks 11Before him are Henri Moissan (1852), Alfred Werner (1866), Paul Sabatier (1854), Victor Grignard (1871), Jacques Monod (1910), and Claude Louis Berthollet (1748). After him are Joseph Proust (1754), Michel Eugène Chevreul (1786), Jean-Marie Lehn (1939), Jean-Pierre Sauvage (1944), Marie-Anne Paulze Lavoisier (1758), and Louis Nicolas Vauquelin (1763).