Toussaint Louverture

1743 - 1803

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François-Dominique Toussaint Louverture (French: [fʁɑ̃swa dɔminik tusɛ̃ luvɛʁtyʁ], English: ) also known as Toussaint L'Ouverture or Toussaint Bréda (20 May 1743 – 7 April 1803), was a Haitian general and the most prominent leader of the Haitian Revolution. During his life, Louverture first fought and allied with Spanish forces against Saint-Domingue Royalists, then joined with Republican France, becoming Governor-General-for-life of Saint-Domingue, and lastly fought against Bonaparte's republican troops. As a revolutionary leader, Louverture displayed military and political acumen that helped transform the fledgling slave rebellion into a revolutionary movement. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Toussaint Louverture has received more than 4,005,418 page views. His biography is available in 55 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 50 in 2019). Toussaint Louverture is the 89th most popular social activist (down from 57th in 2019), the 3rd most popular biography from Haiti (down from 1st in 2019) and the most popular Haitian Social Activist.

Toussaint Louverture is most famous for being the leader of the Haitian Revolution and freeing Haiti from French rule.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 64.05

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 55

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.10

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.28

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among social activists, Toussaint Louverture ranks 89 out of 840Before him are Gabrielle d'Estrées, Errico Malatesta, Augusto César Sandino, Fra Dolcino, Amílcar Cabral, and Betty Williams. After him are Marinus van der Lubbe, Thomas Cranmer, Jimmy Hoffa, Vasil Levski, Kim Hyong-jik, and Liu Xiaobo.

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Among people born in 1743, Toussaint Louverture ranks 11Before him are Luigi Boccherini, Alessandro Cagliostro, Marquis de Condorcet, Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria, Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, and Martin Heinrich Klaproth. After him are Nicolai Abildgaard, Carl Peter Thunberg, Edmund Cartwright, René Just Haüy, William I, Elector of Hesse, and Louis Claude de Saint-Martin. Among people deceased in 1803, Toussaint Louverture ranks 3Before him are Johann Gottfried Herder, and Pierre Choderlos de Laclos. After him are Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, Cardinal de Rohan, Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia, Adélaïde Labille-Guiard, Franz Xaver Süssmayr, Vittorio Alfieri, Louis I of Etruria, Louis Claude de Saint-Martin, and Ami Argand.

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In Haiti

Among people born in Haiti, Toussaint Louverture ranks 3 out of 94Before him are Jean-Jacques Dessalines (1758), and François Duvalier (1907). After him are Thomas-Alexandre Dumas (1762), Boniface Alexandre (1936), Jean-Claude Duvalier (1951), Alexandre Pétion (1770), Jean-Pierre Boyer (1776), René Préval (1943), John James Audubon (1785), Ariel Henry (1949), and Jeanne Duval (1820).


Among social activists born in Haiti, Toussaint Louverture ranks 1