Alfred Adler

1870 - 1937

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Alfred Adler ( AD-lər, German: [ˈalfʁeːt ˈʔaːdlɐ]; 7 February 1870 – 28 May 1937) was an Austrian medical doctor, psychotherapist, and founder of the school of individual psychology. His emphasis on the importance of feelings of belonging, relationships within the family, and birth order set him apart from Freud and others in their common circle. He proposed that contributing to others (social interest or Gemeinschaftsgefühl) was how the individual feels a sense of worth and belonging in the family and society. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Alfred Adler has received more than 2,376,675 page views. His biography is available in 77 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 74 in 2019). Alfred Adler is the 4th most popular psychologist (up from 5th in 2019), the 19th most popular biography from Austria (down from 18th in 2019) and the most popular Austrian Psychologist.

Alfred Adler was a psychoanalyst and the founder of individual psychology. He is most famous for his work in developmental psychology, and his theory of inferiority complexes.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 77.89

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 77

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.90

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.99

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among psychologists, Alfred Adler ranks 4 out of 235Before him are Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Jean Piaget. After him are Abraham Maslow, Erich Fromm, Lev Vygotsky, Wilhelm Wundt, Jacques Lacan, John Dewey, Viktor Frankl, and William James.

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Among people born in 1870, Alfred Adler ranks 3Before him are Vladimir Lenin, and Maria Montessori. After him are Christian X of Denmark, Franz Lehár, Jean Baptiste Perrin, Jules Bordet, Adolf Loos, Albert Fish, Miguel Primo de Rivera, William G. Morgan, and Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach. Among people deceased in 1937, Alfred Adler ranks 4Before him are H. P. Lovecraft, Ernest Rutherford, and Guglielmo Marconi. After him are Pierre de Coubertin, Antonio Gramsci, John D. Rockefeller, Maurice Ravel, Erich Ludendorff, Amelia Earhart, Lou Andreas-Salomé, and Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Alfred Adler ranks 19 out of 1,424Before him are Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889), Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria (1863), Erwin Schrödinger (1887), Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1741), Karl Popper (1902), and Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459). After him are Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1685), Klara Hitler (1860), Romy Schneider (1938), Ferdinand I of Austria (1793), Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor (1747), and Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (1858).


Among psychologists born in Austria, Alfred Adler ranks 1After him are Viktor Frankl (1905), Anna Freud (1895), Melanie Klein (1882), Bruno Bettelheim (1903), Otto Rank (1884), Paul Watzlawick (1921), Otto Gross (1877), René Spitz (1887), Heinz Kohut (1913), Otto F. Kernberg (1928), and Walter Mischel (1930).