Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor

1552 - 1612

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Rudolf II (18 July 1552 – 20 January 1612) was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608). He was a member of the House of Habsburg. Rudolf's legacy has traditionally been viewed in three ways: an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years' War; a great and influential patron of Northern Mannerist art; and an intellectual devotee of occult arts and learning which helped seed what would be called the Scientific Revolution. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor has received more than 1,410,938 page views. His biography is available in 67 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 66 in 2019). Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor is the 337th most popular politician (down from 285th in 2019), the 31st most popular biography from Austria (down from 30th in 2019) and the 11th most popular Austrian Politician.

Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor is most famous for being the emperor during the Thirty Years War.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 75.52

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 67

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.11

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.25

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 337 out of 19,576Before him are Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, Cardinal Mazarin, Qianlong Emperor, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Mehmed V. After him are Edward VI of England, Raúl Castro, Louis XVIII of France, Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Juan Perón, and Godfrey of Bouillon.

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Among people born in 1552, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 1After him are Pope Paul V, Boris Godunov, Matteo Ricci, Vasili IV of Russia, Hans von Aachen, Lavinia Fontana, Seonjo of Joseon, Jost Bürgi, Edmund Spenser, Dom Justo Takayama, and Petrus Plancius. Among people deceased in 1612, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 1After him are Sasaki Kojirō, Vasili IV of Russia, Giovanni Gabrieli, Federico Barocci, Christopher Clavius, Vincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, Anne Catherine of Brandenburg, Karin Månsdotter, Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, Hans Leo Hassler, and Francesco IV Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor ranks 31 out of 1,424Before him are Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria (1858), Charles I of Austria (1887), Anton Bruckner (1824), Johann Strauss I (1804), Johann Strauss II (1825), and Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (1640). After him are Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (1578), Herbert von Karajan (1908), Friedrich Hayek (1899), Egon Schiele (1890), Niki Lauda (1949), and Konrad Lorenz (1903).

Among POLITICIANS In Austria