Lev Vygotsky

1896 - 1934

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Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky (Russian: Лев Семёнович Выготский, [vɨˈɡotskʲɪj]; Belarusian: Леў Сямёнавіч Выгоцкі; November 17 [O.S. November 5] 1896 – June 11, 1934) was a Russian and Soviet psychologist, best known for his work on psychological development in children and creating the framework known as cultural-historical activity theory. After his early death, his books and research were banned in the Soviet Union until Joseph Stalin's death in 1953, with a first collection of major texts published in 1956. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Lev Vygotsky has received more than 2,749,198 page views. His biography is available in 71 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 68 in 2019). Lev Vygotsky is the 7th most popular psychologist, the 3rd most popular biography from Belarus (down from 2nd in 2019) and the most popular Belarusian Psychologist.

Lev Vygotsky is most famous for his theory of the Zone of Proximal Development.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 76.62

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 71

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.28

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.97

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among psychologists, Lev Vygotsky ranks 7 out of 235Before him are Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Jean Piaget, Alfred Adler, Abraham Maslow, and Erich Fromm. After him are Wilhelm Wundt, Jacques Lacan, John Dewey, Viktor Frankl, William James, and Erik Erikson.

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Among people born in 1896, Lev Vygotsky ranks 5Before him are F. Scott Fitzgerald, Wallis Simpson, Jean Piaget, and Georgy Zhukov. After him are Imre Nagy, André Breton, Tristan Tzara, Roman Jakobson, Paula Hitler, Konstantin Rokossovsky, and Antonin Artaud. Among people deceased in 1934, Lev Vygotsky ranks 3Before him are Marie Curie, and Paul von Hindenburg. After him are Fritz Haber, Edward Elgar, Ernst Röhm, Albert I of Belgium, Raymond Poincaré, Kurt von Schleicher, Alexander I of Yugoslavia, Sergey Kirov, and Nestor Makhno.

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In Belarus

Among people born in Belarus, Lev Vygotsky ranks 3 out of 368Before him are Shimon Peres (1923), and Marc Chagall (1887). After him are Menachem Begin (1913), Chaim Weizmann (1874), Felix Dzerzhinsky (1877), Tadeusz Kościuszko (1746), Alexander Lukashenko (1954), Stanisław August Poniatowski (1732), Andrei Gromyko (1909), Simon Kuznets (1901), and Chaim Soutine (1893).


Among psychologists born in Belarus, Lev Vygotsky ranks 1