Melanie Klein

1882 - 1960

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Melanie Klein (née Reizes; 30 March 1882 – 22 September 1960) was an Austrian-British author and psychoanalyst known for her work in child analysis. She was the primary figure in the development of object relations theory. Klein suggested that pre-verbal existential anxiety in infancy catalyzed the formation of the unconscious, which resulted in the unconscious splitting of the world into good and bad idealizations. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Melanie Klein has received more than 790,704 page views. Her biography is available in 46 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 43 in 2019). Melanie Klein is the 25th most popular psychologist (down from 21st in 2019), the 82nd most popular biography from Austria (down from 70th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Austrian Psychologist.

Melanie Klein is most famous for her idea of the “paranoid-schizoid position” and the “depressive position.” She believed that children go through these two positions during the course of their development. In the paranoid-schizoid position, the child has a tendency to see the world as all-powerful and all-good or all-powerful and all-bad. In the depressive position, the child has a more realistic view of the world.

Memorability Metrics

  • 790k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.59

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 46

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.11

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.36

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among psychologists, Melanie Klein ranks 25 out of 235Before her are Daniel Kahneman, Irvin D. Yalom, Wilhelm Reich, Edward Thorndike, B. F. Skinner, and Anna Freud. After her are Gustav Fechner, Karen Horney, Alfred Binet, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, and Hermann Rorschach.

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Among people born in 1882, Melanie Klein ranks 20Before her are Wilhelm, German Crown Prince, Günther von Kluge, Kurt von Schleicher, Abd el-Krim, Mohammad Mosaddegh, and Percy Williams Bridgman. After her are Getúlio Vargas, Princess Margaret of Connaught, Umberto Boccioni, Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, Zoltán Kodály, and Lili Elbe. Among people deceased in 1960, Melanie Klein ranks 9Before her are Max von Laue, Clark Gable, Erich Raeder, Paula Hitler, Albert Kesselring, and Wilhelm Pieck. After her are Walther Funk, Amanullah Khan, Fausto Coppi, Igor Kurchatov, Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia, and Aloysius Stepinac.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Melanie Klein ranks 82 out of 1,424Before her are Archduchess Sophie of Austria (1855), Otto Wagner (1841), Maria Anna Mozart (1751), Peter Drucker (1909), Anna Freud (1895), and Victor Francis Hess (1883). After her are Arthur Schnitzler (1862), Archduke Otto of Austria (1865), Geli Raubal (1908), Christoph Waltz (1956), Baroness Mary Vetsera (1871), and Albert II of Germany (1397).


Among psychologists born in Austria, Melanie Klein ranks 4Before her are Alfred Adler (1870), Viktor Frankl (1905), and Anna Freud (1895). After her are Bruno Bettelheim (1903), Otto Rank (1884), Paul Watzlawick (1921), Otto Gross (1877), René Spitz (1887), Heinz Kohut (1913), Otto F. Kernberg (1928), and Walter Mischel (1930).