80 BC - 10 BC

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Aenesidemus (Ancient Greek: Αἰνησίδημος or Αἰνεσίδημος) was a Greek Pyrrhonist philosopher, born in Knossos on the island of Crete. He lived in the 1st century BC, taught in Alexandria and flourished shortly after the life of Cicero. Photius says Aenesidemus was a member of Plato's Academy, but he came to dispute their theories, adopting Pyrrhonism instead. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Aenesidemus has received more than 69,666 page views. His biography is available in 34 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 33 in 2019). Aenesidemus is the 296th most popular philosopher (up from 300th in 2019), the 169th most popular biography from Greece (down from 164th in 2019) and the 27th most popular Greek Philosopher.

Aenesidemus is most famous for his attack on the Stoic doctrine of universal determinism. He argued that the Stoics were wrong to say that all things happen according to fate, and that they were also wrong to say that all events have a cause.

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Among philosophers, Aenesidemus ranks 296 out of 1,089Before him are Aśvaghoṣa, Panaetius, Pherecydes of Syros, A. S. Neill, Félix Guattari, and Uriel da Costa. After him are Alcmaeon of Croton, Giovanni Gentile, Jerome of Prague, J. L. Austin, Ram Mohan Roy, and E. H. Carr.

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Among people born in 80 BC, Aenesidemus ranks 3Before him are Vercingetorix and Valmiki. After him are Sosigenes of Alexandria, Gnaeus Pompeius, and Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. Among people deceased in 10 BC, Aenesidemus ranks 2Before him is Joachim.

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Aenesidemus ranks 169 out of 855Before him are Antonia Minor (-36), Hippocrates of Chios (-470), Panaetius (-185), Pherecydes of Syros (-580), Athenagoras I of Constantinople (1886), and Antigonus II Gonatas (-319). After him are Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark (1911), Helen of Greece and Denmark (1896), Necho II (-625), Ioannis Kapodistrias (1776), Odysseas Elytis (1911), and Andronicus of Rhodes (-100).


Among philosophers born in Greece, Aenesidemus ranks 27Before him are Cratylus (-500), Apollodorus of Athens (-180), Speusippus (-407), Prodicus (-460), Panaetius (-185), and Pherecydes of Syros (-580). After him are Andronicus of Rhodes (-100), Euclid of Megara (-435), Crates of Thebes (-365), Timon of Phlius (-320), Cleobulus (-590), and Stilpo (-359).