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80 BC - 10 BC

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Aenesidemus (Ancient Greek: Αἰνησίδημος or Αἰνεσίδημος) was a 1st-century BC Greek Pyrrhonist philosopher from Knossos who revived the doctrines of Pyrrho and introduced ten skeptical "modes" (tropai) for the suspension of judgment. He broke with the Academic Skepticism that was predominant in his time, synthesizing the teachings of Heraclitus and Timon of Phlius with philosophical skepticism. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Aenesidemus has received more than 109,362 page views. His biography is available in 35 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 34 in 2019). Aenesidemus is the 321st most popular philosopher (down from 296th in 2019), the 186th most popular biography from Greece (down from 169th in 2019) and the 29th most popular Greek Philosopher.

Aenesidemus is most famous for his attack on the Stoic doctrine of universal determinism. He argued that the Stoics were wrong to say that all things happen according to fate, and that they were also wrong to say that all events have a cause.

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 35

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.11

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.30

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Aenesidemus ranks 321 out of 1,081Before him are Sebastian Brant, Isaac Abarbanel, Giovanni Gentile, Alfred Schütz, Thrasymachus, and Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi. After him are Heraclides Ponticus, Jean-Luc Nancy, Gemistus Pletho, Alexandre Koyré, David Strauss, and Moritz Schlick.

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Among people born in 80 BC, Aenesidemus ranks 3Before him are Vercingetorix and Valmiki. After him are Sosigenes of Alexandria, Gnaeus Pompeius, and Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus. Among people deceased in 10 BC, Aenesidemus ranks 2Before him is Joachim.

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Aenesidemus ranks 186 out of 936Before him are Speusippus (-407), Admetus (null), Theopompus (-400), Archidamus II (-450), Calchas (null), and Princess Cecilie of Greece and Denmark (1911). After him are Exekias (-501), Athenagoras of Athens (133), Aelia Eudocia (401), Cecrops I (null), Agathias (536), and Crates of Thebes (-365).


Among philosophers born in Greece, Aenesidemus ranks 29Before him are Prodicus (-460), Andronicus of Rhodes (-100), Pherecydes of Syros (-580), Panaetius (-185), Hipparchia of Maroneia (-350), and Speusippus (-407). After him are Crates of Thebes (-365), Timon of Phlius (-320), Euclid of Megara (-435), Archelaus (-500), Cleobulus (-590), and Eudemus of Rhodes (-370).