John Edward Gray

1800 - 1875

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John Edward Gray (12 February 1800 – 7 March 1875) was a British zoologist. He was the elder brother of zoologist George Robert Gray and son of the pharmacologist and botanist Samuel Frederick Gray (1766–1828). The standard author abbreviation J.E.Gray is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of John Edward Gray has received more than 470,059 page views. His biography is available in 61 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 60 in 2019). John Edward Gray is the 59th most popular biologist (up from 66th in 2019), the 457th most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 581st in 2019) and the 10th most popular British Biologist.

John Edward Gray is most famous for being the first person to publish a comprehensive list of animal species.

Memorability Metrics

  • 470k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.18

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 61

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.94

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.92

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among biologists, John Edward Gray ranks 59 out of 1,097Before him are Jean-Henri Fabre, François Jacob, Sylvia Earle, Hugo de Vries, Nikolaas Tinbergen, and Daniel Bovet. After him are Nikolai Vavilov, George Beadle, Adelbert von Chamisso, Trofim Lysenko, Irwin Rose, and Linda B. Buck.

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Among people born in 1800, John Edward Gray ranks 8Before him are Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, France Prešeren, Emperor Ninkō, Millard Fillmore, Charles Goodyear, and Henry Fox Talbot. After him are Jean-Baptiste Dumas, Nat Turner, James Clark Ross, John Brown, Lars Levi Laestadius, and Jacques Paul Migne. Among people deceased in 1875, John Edward Gray ranks 10Before him are Ferdinand I of Austria, Jean-François Millet, Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot, Charles Lyell, Éliphas Lévi, and Isaac Singer. After him are Heinrich Louis d'Arrest, Moses Hess, Guillaume Henri Dufour, Friedrich Wilhelm Argelander, Charles Wheatstone, and Pierre Larousse.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, John Edward Gray ranks 457 out of 8,785Before him are Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York (1411), Samuel Johnson (1709), Princess Muna al-Hussein (1941), John Knox (1514), Thomas Gainsborough (1727), and John Bonham (1948). After him are Thomas Harriot (1560), William Adams (1564), Austen Chamberlain (1863), Daphne du Maurier (1907), John Wallis (1616), and Edward the Martyr (962).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United Kingdom

Among biologists born in United Kingdom, John Edward Gray ranks 10Before him are Alfred Russel Wallace (1823), Francis Crick (1916), Thomas Henry Huxley (1825), Robert Brown (1773), Christian de Duve (1917), and Richard Owen (1804). After him are Robert Edwards (1925), Philip Miller (1691), Archibald Hill (1886), Erasmus Darwin (1731), Philip Sclater (1829), and Oliver Smithies (1925).