Ramon Llull

1232 - 1316

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Ramon Llull (Catalan: [rəˈmoɲ ˈʎuʎ]; c. 1232 – 1315/1316), anglicised as Raymond Lully or Lull, was a philosopher, theologian, poet, missionary, Christian apologist and former knight from the Kingdom of Majorca. He invented a philosophical system known as the Art, conceived as a type of universal logic to prove the truth of Christian doctrine to interlocutors of all faiths and nationalities. The Art consists of a set of general principles and combinatorial operations. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ramon Llull has received more than 809,559 page views. His biography is available in 59 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 56 in 2019). Ramon Llull is the 124th most popular philosopher (down from 121st in 2019), the 61st most popular biography from Spain (down from 55th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Spanish Philosopher.

Ramon Llull was a Catalan philosopher, logician, and mystic. He is most famous for his work on the Ars Magna, a system for solving all problems that can be expressed in logical form.

Memorability Metrics

  • 810k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 72.27

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 59

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.04

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.21

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Ramon Llull ranks 124 out of 1,267Before him are Simone Weil, Chanakya, Tommaso Campanella, Mozi, Charles Fourier, and John Venn. After him are Bonaventure, Philo, Joseph Priestley, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Ernst Cassirer, and Marsilio Ficino.

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Among people born in 1232, Ramon Llull ranks 1After him are Manfred, King of Sicily, and Haakon the Young. Among people deceased in 1316, Ramon Llull ranks 2Before him is Louis X of France. After him are John I of France, Alauddin Khalji, Öljaitü, Stefan Dragutin, Giles of Rome, Vytenis, Guo Shoujing, Marjorie Bruce, Malik Kafur, and Louis of Burgundy.

Others Born in 1232

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In Spain

Among people born in Spain, Ramon Llull ranks 61 out of 3,355Before him are Lope de Vega (1562), Abd al-Rahman III (889), Tomás de Torquemada (1420), Jusepe de Ribera (1591), Florentino Pérez (1947), and Maria Theresa of Spain (1638). After him are Eugénie de Montijo (1826), Quintilian (35), Josep Borrell (1947), Ferdinand VII of Spain (1784), Abbas ibn Firnas (810), and Pedro Calderón de la Barca (1600).


Among philosophers born in Spain, Ramon Llull ranks 4Before him are Seneca the Younger (-4), Averroes (1126), and Ibn Arabi (1165). After him are José Ortega y Gasset (1883), Ibn Tufail (1110), Baltasar Gracián (1601), Solomon ibn Gabirol (1021), Miguel de Unamuno (1864), Abraham ibn Ezra (1089), Francisco Suárez (1548), and Arnaldus de Villa Nova (1240).