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Ibn Taymiyyah

1263 - 1328

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Ibn Taymiyyah (January 22, 1263 – September 26, 1328; Arabic: ابن تيمية), birth name Taqī ad-Dīn ʾAḥmad ibn ʿAbd al-Ḥalīm ibn ʿAbd al-Salām al-Numayrī al-Ḥarrānī (Arabic: تقي الدين أحمد بن عبد الحليم بن عبد السلام النميري الحراني), was a controversial Sunni Muslim ʿālim, muhaddith, judge, Traditionalist theologian, ascetic, and iconoclastic theorist. He is known for his diplomatic involvement with the Ilkhanid ruler Ghazan Khan and for his involvement at the Battle of Marj al-Saffar which ended the Mongol invasions of the Levant. A legal authority within the Hanbali school, Ibn Taymiyyah's condemnation of numerous folk practices associated with saint veneration, perceived worship of tomb-shrines and alleged anthropomorphism made him a contentious figure with rulers of the time, and he was imprisoned several times as a result.A polarizing figure in his own times and in the centuries that followed, Ibn Taymiyyah has emerged as one of the most influential medieval writers in late modern Sunni Islam. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ibn Taymiyyah has received more than 2,017,681 page views. His biography is available in 60 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 57 in 2019). Ibn Taymiyyah is the 102nd most popular philosopher (up from 105th in 2019), the 73rd most popular biography from Turkey (up from 76th in 2019) and the 10th most popular Turkish Philosopher.

Ibn Taymiyyah is most famous for his belief that Muslims should not live under non-Muslim rule. He also believed that the Muslim world should be united under one caliphate.

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  • 60

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  • 6.12

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  • 3.91

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Ibn Taymiyyah ranks 102 out of 1,081Before him are Walter Benjamin, Mencius, Zhuang Zhou, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Isidore of Seville, and Roland Barthes. After him are Theophrastus, Wilhelm von Humboldt, Henri de Saint-Simon, Jacques Derrida, Aristippus, and Joseph Priestley.

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Among people born in 1263, Ibn Taymiyyah ranks 1After him are Isabella of Villehardouin, Yolande of Dreux, Queen of Scotland, and David VIII of Georgia. Among people deceased in 1328, Ibn Taymiyyah ranks 1After him are Charles IV of France, Meister Eckhart, Clementia of Hungary, Isabella of Castile, Queen of Aragon, John of Montecorvino, Charles, Duke of Calabria, Yesün Temür, Galeazzo I Visconti, Ragibagh Khan, Prince Hisaaki, and Castruccio Castracani.

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Ibn Taymiyyah ranks 73 out of 1,301Before him are Aspasia (-470), Anaximenes of Miletus (-585), Hipparchus (-190), Rachel (-3500), Herostratus (-301), and Osman III (1699). After him are Mustafa III (1717), Murad V (1840), Lucian (120), Anacreon (-570), Alexios I Komnenos (1048), and Şehzade Cihangir (1531).


Among philosophers born in Turkey, Ibn Taymiyyah ranks 10Before him are Diogenes (-404), Anaxagoras (-500), Epictetus (50), Xenophanes (-570), Gregory of Nazianzus (329), and Anaximenes of Miletus (-585). After him are Chrysippus (-281), Posidonius (-135), Apollonius of Tyana (15), Proclus (412), Bias of Priene (-600), and Michael Psellos (1018).