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1772 - 1801

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Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg (2 May 1772 – 25 March 1801), pen name Novalis (German pronunciation: [noˈvaːlɪs]), was a German aristocrat and polymath, who was a poet, novelist, philosopher and mystic. He is regarded as an influential figure of Jena Romanticism. Novalis was born into a minor aristocratic family in Electoral Saxony. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Novalis has received more than 781,813 page views. His biography is available in 65 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 62 in 2019). Novalis is the 161st most popular writer (down from 154th in 2019), the 131st most popular biography from Germany (down from 117th in 2019) and the 11th most popular German Writer.

Novalis is most famous for his unfinished novel, Heinrich von Ofterdingen.

Memorability Metrics

  • 780k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.65

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 65

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.31

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.02

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Page views of Novalis by language


Among writers, Novalis ranks 161 out of 5,755Before him are William Faulkner, Pliny the Younger, Jean Racine, Hafez, Fernando Pessoa, and Menander. After him are Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Lucian, Naguib Mahfouz, Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Khalil Gibran, and Ivan Turgenev.

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Among people born in 1772, Novalis ranks 2Before him is David Ricardo. After him are Charles Fourier, William I of the Netherlands, Friedrich Schlegel, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Ram Mohan Roy, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, Nachman of Breslov, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, and Louis Antoine, Duke of Enghien. Among people deceased in 1801, Novalis ranks 2Before him is Paul I of Russia. After him are Domenico Cimarosa, Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria, Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia, Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria, Johann Kaspar Lavater, Carl Stamitz, Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, Andrea Luchesi, Murad Bey, and Benedict Arnold.

Others Born in 1772

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Others Deceased in 1801

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Novalis ranks 131 out of 6,142Before him are Augustus II the Strong (1670), Michael Schumacher (1969), Rudolf Höss (1901), Queen Silvia of Sweden (1943), Leopold I of Belgium (1790), and Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767). After him are Bruce Willis (1955), Agrippina the Younger (15), Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472), Leni Riefenstahl (1902), Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1742), and Friedrich Fröbel (1782).

Among WRITERS In Germany

Among writers born in Germany, Novalis ranks 11Before him are Bertolt Brecht (1898), Thomas Mann (1875), Heinrich Heine (1797), Charles Bukowski (1920), Erich Maria Remarque (1898), and Heinrich Böll (1917). After him are Friedrich Hölderlin (1770), Nelly Sachs (1891), Jacob Grimm (1785), Eckhart Tolle (1948), Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729), and Alexandra Feodorovna (1872).