1772 - 1801


Novalis (; German: [noˈvaːlɪs]) was the pseudonym and pen name of Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg (2 May 1772 – 25 March 1801), a poet, author, mystic, and philosopher of Early German Romanticism. Hardenberg's professional work and university background, namely his study of mineralogy and management of salt mines in Saxony, was often ignored by his contemporary readers. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Novalis has received more than 432,441 page views. His biography is available in 59 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 148th most popular writer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 430k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.95

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 59

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.94

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.69

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Page views of Novalis by language


Among writers, Novalis ranks 146 out of 4,883Before him are H. G. Wells, Heinrich Böll, Sully Prudhomme, William Faulkner, Haruki Murakami, and Georges Simenon. After him are Elias Canetti, Petronius, Charlotte Brontë, Du Fu, Aldous Huxley, and Carlo Collodi.

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Among people born in 1772, Novalis ranks 2Before him is David Ricardo. After him are Charles Fourier, William I of the Netherlands, Friedrich Schlegel, Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, Ram Mohan Roy, Fath-Ali Shah Qajar, Nachman of Breslov, and Louis Antoine, Duke of Enghien. Among people deceased in 1801, Novalis ranks 2Before him is Paul I of Russia. After him are Domenico Cimarosa, Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria, Johann Kaspar Lavater, Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia, Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria, Carl Stamitz, Andrea Luchesi, Benedict Arnold, Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, and Murad Bey.

Others Born in 1772

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Others Deceased in 1801

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Novalis ranks 104 out of 3,763Before him are Baron Munchausen (1720), Nikolaus Otto (1832), Ludwig II of Bavaria (1845), Theodor W. Adorno (1903), Heinrich Böll (1917), and Erich Honecker (1912). After him are Friedrich Fröbel (1782), Pope Joan (null), Carl von Clausewitz (1780), Georg Philipp Telemann (1681), Carl Orff (1895), and Leni Riefenstahl (1902).

Among WRITERS In Germany

Among writers born in Germany, Novalis ranks 11Before him are Friedrich Schiller (1759), Bertolt Brecht (1898), Heinrich Heine (1797), Charles Bukowski (1920), Erich Maria Remarque (1898), and Heinrich Böll (1917). After him are Friedrich Hölderlin (1770), Gotthold Ephraim Lessing (1729), Jacob Grimm (1785), Nelly Sachs (1891), Michael Ende (1929), and Wilhelm Grimm (1786).