Fernando Pessoa

1888 - 1935

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Fernando António Nogueira Pessoa (Portuguese: [fɨɾˈnɐ̃du pɨˈsoɐ]; 13 June 1888 – 30 November 1935) was a Portuguese poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher, and philosopher. He has been described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Fernando Pessoa has received more than 1,679,875 page views. His biography is available in 74 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 72 in 2019). Fernando Pessoa is the 156th most popular writer (up from 159th in 2019), the 11th most popular biography from Portugal (down from 10th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Portuguese Writer.

Fernando Pessoa is most famous for being a Portuguese poet and writer. He was born in Lisbon in 1888 and died in 1935.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 74.15

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 74

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.27

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.40

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

O banqueiro anarquista
Livro do desassossego
By Fernando Pessoa. Translated and with an Introduction by Alfred Mac Adam.
Literary Criticism
Fernando Pessoa, the great Portuguese poet and prose writer, has become an icon not only in his native Portugal -- where his likeness once adorned a monetary note -- but also in France, where he is revered in much the same way that Whitman is here. Never before has such a comprehensive and beautifully translated edition of his poetry been available in English. Richard Zenith has taken three of Pessoa's major "heteronyms" (the poet's term for his numerous literary alter egos), as well as the poetry Pessoa wrote "as himself", and created a volume of extraordinary emotional depth and poetic precision. With an introduction that throws light on the work and on the elusive man himself, Fernando Pessoa and Co. is an important addition to world literature.
Edição crítica de Fernando Pessoa


Among writers, Fernando Pessoa ranks 156 out of 7,302Before him are Jean Racine, Naguib Mahfouz, Annie Ernaux, Joseph Conrad, Catullus, and Novalis. After him are Karen Blixen, John the Evangelist, Terry Pratchett, Georges Simenon, Lucian, and Heinrich Böll.

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Among people born in 1888, Fernando Pessoa ranks 3Before him are Heinz Guderian, and T. E. Lawrence. After him are Dale Carnegie, José Raúl Capablanca, Otto Stern, Nikolai Bukharin, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Carl Schmitt, Giorgio de Chirico, and Alexander I of Yugoslavia. Among people deceased in 1935, Fernando Pessoa ranks 6Before him are Jane Addams, Alfred Dreyfus, Kazimir Malevich, T. E. Lawrence, and Józef Piłsudski. After him are Paul Signac, Emmy Noether, Arthur Henderson, Alban Berg, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, and Astrid of Sweden.

Others Born in 1888

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Others Deceased in 1935

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In Portugal

Among people born in Portugal, Fernando Pessoa ranks 11 out of 633Before him are José Saramago (1922), Cristiano Ronaldo (1985), António de Oliveira Salazar (1889), António Guterres (1949), Prince Henry the Navigator (1394), and Pedro Álvares Cabral (1467). After him are Luís de Camões (1524), Manuel I of Portugal (1469), José Mourinho (1963), Afonso I of Portugal (1109), Pedro I of Brazil (1798), and Pope John XXI (1215).

Among WRITERS In Portugal

Among writers born in Portugal, Fernando Pessoa ranks 2Before him are José Saramago (1922). After him are Luís de Camões (1524), Denis of Portugal (1261), José Maria de Eça de Queirós (1845), Judah Leon Abravanel (1460), Gil Vicente (1465), João de Barros (1496), Camilo Castelo Branco (1825), Luís Fróis (1532), Almeida Garrett (1799), and Tomé Pires (1468).