Nicholas II of Russia

1868 - 1918

Photo of Nicholas II of Russia

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Nicholas II (Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov; 18 May [O.S. 6 May] 1868 – 17 July 1918) or Nikolai II was the last reigning Emperor of Russia, King of Congress Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland from 1 November 1894 until his abdication on 15 March 1917. During his reign, Nicholas gave support to the economic and political reforms promoted by his prime ministers, Sergei Witte and Pyotr Stolypin. He advocated modernisation based on foreign loans and close ties with France, but resisted giving the new parliament (the Duma) major roles. Ultimately, progress was undermined by Nicholas's commitment to autocratic rule, strong aristocratic opposition and defeats sustained by the Russian military in the Russo-Japanese War and World War I. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Nicholas II of Russia has received more than 21,241,379 page views. His biography is available in 104 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 102 in 2019). Nicholas II of Russia is the 75th most popular politician (down from 61st in 2019), the 13th most popular biography from Russia and the 6th most popular Russian Politician.

Nicholas II of Russia is most famous for being the last tsar of Russia, and for being overthrown in the Russian Revolution.

Memorability Metrics

  • 21M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 82.35

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 104

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.27

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.41

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among politicians, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 75 out of 19,576Before him are Fidel Castro, Nikita Khrushchev, Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, Benjamin Franklin, Narendra Modi, and Nicolae Ceaușescu. After him are Mehmed the Conqueror, Napoleon II, Ahmed I, Francisco Franco, Caligula, and Uthman.

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Among people born in 1868, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 1After him are Maxim Gorky, Fritz Haber, Miklós Horthy, Abdulmejid II, Karl Landsteiner, Constantine I of Greece, Robert Andrews Millikan, Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria, Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, Emanuel Lasker, and Gichin Funakoshi. Among people deceased in 1918, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 1After him are Gustav Klimt, Abdul Hamid II, Gavrilo Princip, Claude Debussy, Manfred von Richthofen, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Mehmed V, Guillaume Apollinaire, Egon Schiele, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, and Georg Cantor.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 13 out of 3,761Before him are Mikhail Gorbachev (1931), Dmitri Mendeleev (1834), Anton Chekhov (1860), Peter the Great (1672), Nikita Khrushchev (1894), and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (1840). After him are Grigori Rasputin (1869), Alexander Pushkin (1799), Ivan the Terrible (1530), Boris Yeltsin (1931), Kim Jong-il (1941), and Wassily Kandinsky (1866).


Among politicians born in Russia, Nicholas II of Russia ranks 6Before him are Vladimir Lenin (1870), Vladimir Putin (1952), Mikhail Gorbachev (1931), Peter the Great (1672), and Nikita Khrushchev (1894). After him are Ivan the Terrible (1530), Boris Yeltsin (1931), Kim Jong-il (1941), Alexander I of Russia (1777), Nicholas I of Russia (1796), and Yuri Andropov (1914).