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Margaret of Parma

1522 - 1586

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Margaret of Parma (Italian: Margherita di Parma; 5 July 1522 – 18 January 1586) was Governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567 and from 1578 to 1582. She was the illegitimate daughter of the then 22-year-old Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Johanna Maria van der Gheynst. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Margaret of Parma has received more than 272,713 page views. Her biography is available in 33 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 31 in 2019). Margaret of Parma is the 954th most popular politician (up from 1,156th in 2019), the 39th most popular biography from Belgium (up from 49th in 2019) and the 18th most popular Belgian Politician.

Margaret of Parma was the daughter of Emperor Charles V and the sister of King Philip II of Spain. She was the governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567, and she is most famous for her attempts to suppress the Protestant Reformation in the Netherlands.

Memorability Metrics

  • 270k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.69

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 33

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.01

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.83

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Margaret of Parmas by language


Among politicians, Margaret of Parma ranks 954 out of 15,577Before her are Nikolai Bukharin, Nadezhda Krupskaya, Ptolemy XII Auletes, Onan, Mausolus, and Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor. After her are Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Philip III of Macedon, Andrew Johnson, Sauli Niinistö, Emperor Yao, and George Marshall.

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Among people born in 1522, Margaret of Parma ranks 3Before her are Mihrimah Sultan and Şehzade Mehmed. After her are Lodovico Ferrari, Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Ulisse Aldrovandi, Eleanor of Toledo, Sen no Rikyū, Joachim du Bellay, Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, Charles II de Valois, Duke of Orléans, and Moses ben Jacob Cordovero. Among people deceased in 1586, Margaret of Parma ranks 2Before her is Stephen Báthory. After her are Lucas Cranach the Younger, Augustus, Elector of Saxony, Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma, Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Primož Trubar, Luis de Morales, Philip Sidney, Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt, and Birbal.

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Others Deceased in 1586

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In Belgium

Among people born in Belgium, Margaret of Parma ranks 39 out of 1,019Before her are William III of the Netherlands (1817), Hergé (1907), Eleanor of Austria (1498), Pepin of Herstal (635), Pieter Brueghel the Younger (1564), and Victor Horta (1861). After her are Princess Stéphanie of Belgium (1864), Eddy Merckx (1945), Jan Brueghel the Elder (1568), Abraham Ortelius (1527), Guillaume Du Fay (1397), and Carlota of Mexico (1840).

Among POLITICIANS In Belgium

Among politicians born in Belgium, Margaret of Parma ranks 18Before her are Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor (1697), Mary of Hungary (1505), Baudouin of Belgium (1930), William III of the Netherlands (1817), Eleanor of Austria (1498), and Pepin of Herstal (635). After her are Princess Stéphanie of Belgium (1864), Samo (600), Léon Degrelle (1906), Herman Van Rompuy (1947), Ambiorix (-100), and Princess Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium (1927).