Margaret of Parma

1522 - 1586

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Margaret of Parma (Italian: Margherita di Parma; 5 July 1522 – 18 January 1586) was Governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567 and from 1578 to 1582. She was the illegitimate daughter of the then 22-year-old Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Johanna Maria van der Gheynst. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Margaret of Parma has received more than 232,836 page views. Her biography is available in 31 different languages on Wikipedia. Margaret of Parma is the 1,157th most popular politician (down from 1,024th in 2019), the 49th most popular biography from Belgium (down from 45th in 2019) and the 18th most popular Belgian Politician.

Margaret of Parma was the daughter of Emperor Charles V and the sister of King Philip II of Spain. She was the governor of the Netherlands from 1559 to 1567, and she is most famous for her attempts to suppress the Protestant Reformation in the Netherlands.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 31

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.83

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.80

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Margaret of Parma ranks 1,157 out of 15,710Before her are Ahmed Ben Bella, Cyrus the Younger, Stephen III of Moldavia, Alfredo Stroessner, Şehzade Cihangir, and Juan Antonio Samaranch. After her are Louis, Dauphin of France, Yitzhak Shamir, Andrei Zhdanov, Cnut the Great, Frederick III, Elector of Saxony, and Martti Ahtisaari.

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Among people born in 1522, Margaret of Parma ranks 3Before her are Mihrimah Sultan and Şehzade Mehmed. After her are Lodovico Ferrari, Lamoral, Count of Egmont, Eleanor of Toledo, Sen no Rikyū, Ulisse Aldrovandi, Joachim du Bellay, Moses ben Jacob Cordovero, Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, and Charles II de Valois, Duke of Orléans. Among people deceased in 1586, Margaret of Parma ranks 2Before her is Stephen Báthory. After her are Lucas Cranach the Younger, Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma, Augustus, Elector of Saxony, Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Adolf, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, Primož Trubar, Philip Sidney, Birbal, Luis de Morales, and Ignazio Danti.

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In Belgium

Among people born in Belgium, Margaret of Parma ranks 49 out of 899Before her are Guillaume Du Fay (1397), Abraham Ortelius (1527), Jan Brueghel the Elder (1568), James Ensor (1860), Johannes Ockeghem (1410), and Marguerite Yourcenar (1903). After her are Samo (600), Isabella of Austria (1501), Agnès Varda (1928), Julio Cortázar (1914), Pepin of Landen (585), and Hugo van der Goes (1440).

Among POLITICIANS In Belgium

Among politicians born in Belgium, Margaret of Parma ranks 18Before her are Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor (1697), Baudouin of Belgium (1930), Eleanor of Austria (1498), William III of the Netherlands (1817), Pepin of Herstal (635), and Ursula von der Leyen (1958). After her are Samo (600), Léon Degrelle (1906), Princess Stéphanie of Belgium (1864), Paul-Henri Spaak (1899), Herman Van Rompuy (1947), and Princess Joséphine Charlotte of Belgium (1927).