Josef Breuer

1842 - 1925

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Josef Breuer ( BROY-ur, German: [ˈbʁɔʏɐ]; 15 January 1842 – 20 June 1925) was an Austrian physician who made discoveries in neurophysiology, and whose work during the 1880s with his patient Bertha Pappenheim, known as Anna O., developed the talking cure (cathartic method) which was used as the basis of psychoanalysis as developed by his protégé Sigmund Freud. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Josef Breuer has received more than 458,924 page views. His biography is available in 31 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 29 in 2019). Josef Breuer is the 220th most popular philosopher (up from 233rd in 2019), the 102nd most popular biography from Austria (up from 120th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Austrian Philosopher.

Josef Breuer is most famous for co-authoring a book with Sigmund Freud called Studies in Hysteria. The book discussed the treatment of patients with hysteria.

Memorability Metrics

  • 460k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.40

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 31

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.48

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.75

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among philosophers, Josef Breuer ranks 220 out of 1,267Before him are Benedetto Croce, Diogenes of Apollonia, Miguel de Unamuno, Imre Lakatos, George Herbert Mead, and Julius Evola. After him are Cratylus, Bayazid Bastami, Nikolai Berdyaev, Marsilius of Padua, Paul Feyerabend, and Vyasa.

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Among people born in 1842, Josef Breuer ranks 10Before him are Stéphane Mallarmé, Jules Massenet, Alfred Marshall, Karl May, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, and Dominic Savio. After him are Camille Flammarion, Paul Lafargue, Archduke Ludwig Viktor of Austria, Okita Sōji, Hermann Cohen, and Arrigo Boito. Among people deceased in 1925, Josef Breuer ranks 11Before him are Alexandra of Denmark, Gottlob Frege, William Jennings Bryan, Georgy Lvov, Sergei Yesenin, and Henri Fayol. After him are Felix Klein, Alexander Friedmann, Mikhail Frunze, Camille Flammarion, Maria Sophie of Bavaria, and Władysław Reymont.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Josef Breuer ranks 102 out of 1,424Before him are Fritz Pregl (1869), Heinrich Harrer (1912), Friedensreich Hundertwasser (1928), Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1738), Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen (1742), and Maria von Trapp (1905). After him are Saint Florian (250), Josef Strauss (1827), Alfred Hermann Fried (1864), Rudolf IV, Duke of Austria (1339), Otto of Greece (1815), and Maria Leopoldina of Austria (1797).


Among philosophers born in Austria, Josef Breuer ranks 4Before him are Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889), Karl Popper (1902), and Martin Buber (1878). After him are Paul Feyerabend (1924), Ivan Illich (1926), Otto Weininger (1880), Alfred Schütz (1899), Otto Neurath (1882), Karl Leonhard Reinhold (1757), André Gorz (1923), and Jean Améry (1912).