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775 - 868

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Abu Uthman Amr ibn Bahr al-Kinani al-Basri (Arabic: أبو عثمان عمرو بن بحر الكناني البصري, romanized: Abū ʿUthman ʿAmr ibn Baḥr al-Kinānī al-Baṣrī; c. 776–868/869), commonly known as al-Jahiz (Arabic: الجاحظ, romanized: al-Jāḥiẓ, lit. 'the bug eyed'), was an Arabic scholar and author of works of literature, theology, zoology, and politico-religious polemics. He has been credited with describing certain principles related to natural selection.Ibn al-Nadim lists nearly 140 titles attributed to al-Jahiz, of which 75 are extant. The best known are Kitāb al-Ḥayawān (The book of Animals), a seven-part compendium on an array of subjects with animals as their point of departure; Kitāb al-Bayān wa-l-tabyīn (The book of eloquence and exposition), a wide-ranging work on human communication; and Kitāb al-Bukhalāʾ (The book of misers), a collection of anecdotes on stinginess. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Al-Jahiz has received more than 555,458 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 40 in 2019). Al-Jahiz is the 235th most popular philosopher (up from 262nd in 2019), the 47th most popular biography from Iraq (down from 44th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Iraqi Philosopher.

Al-Jahiz is most famous for his book, "The Book of Animals" which is a work of natural history and zoology.

Memorability Metrics

  • 560k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 66.53

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.24

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.98

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Al-Jahizs by language


Among philosophers, Al-Jahiz ranks 235 out of 1,081Before him are Imre Lakatos, Cratylus, Gaston Bachelard, Pelagius, Benjamin Constant, and Michael Psellos. After him are Josef Breuer, Iamblichus, Shen Kuo, Judah Loew ben Bezalel, Epimenides, and Nikolai Berdyaev.

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Among people born in 775, Al-Jahiz ranks 3Before him are Pope Paschal I and Leo V the Armenian. After him are Staurakios and Rotrude. Among people deceased in 868, Al-Jahiz ranks 1After him are Ali al-Hadi and Ratramnus.

Others Born in 775

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Others Deceased in 868

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In Iraq

Among people born in Iraq, Al-Jahiz ranks 47 out of 338Before him are Al-Ash'ari (873), Enheduanna (-2300), Shalmaneser III (-900), Al-Mu'tasim (796), Faisal II of Iraq (1935), and Šuppiluliuma I (-1344). After him are Al-Musta'sim (1213), Ibn Hisham (701), Naram-Sin of Akkad (-2254), Tiglath-Pileser I (-1200), Mustafa Barzani (1903), and Junayd of Baghdad (830).

Others born in Iraq

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Among philosophers born in Iraq, Al-Jahiz ranks 3Before him are Al-Kindi (801) and Al-Ash'ari (873). After him are Abu Yusuf (731), Hunayn ibn Ishaq (809), Diogenes of Babylon (-240), Abu'l-Barakāt al-Baghdādī (1080), and Abu Sulayman Sijistani (932).