The following people are considered by Pantheon to be the top 10 most legendary South African Writers of all time. This list of famous South African Writers is sorted by HPI (Historical Popularity Index), a metric that aggregates information on a biography’s online popularity. Visit the rankings page to view the entire list of South African Writers.
With an HPI of 88.02, J. R. R. Tolkien is the most famous South African Writer. His biography has been translated into 147 different languages on wikipedia.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (, ROOL TOL-keen; 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer and philologist. He was the author of the high fantasy works The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. From 1925 to 1945, Tolkien was the Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon and a Fellow of Pembroke College, both at the University of Oxford. He then moved within the same university to become the Merton Professor of English Language and Literature and Fellow of Merton College, and held these positions from 1945 until his retirement in 1959. Tolkien was a close friend of C. S. Lewis, a co-member of the informal literary discussion group The Inklings. He was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II on 28 March 1972. After Tolkien's death, his son Christopher published a series of works based on his father's extensive notes and unpublished manuscripts, including The Silmarillion. These, together with The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, form a connected body of tales, poems, fictional histories, invented languages, and literary essays about a fantasy world called Arda and, within it, Middle-earth. Between 1951 and 1955, Tolkien applied the term legendarium to the larger part of these writings. While many other authors had published works of fantasy before Tolkien, the great success of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings led directly to a popular resurgence of the genre. This has caused him to be popularly identified as the "father" of modern fantasy literature—or, more precisely, of high fantasy.
With an HPI of 69.57, J. M. Coetzee is the 2nd most famous South African Writer. His biography has been translated into 90 different languages.
John Maxwell Coetzee OMG (born 9 February 1940) is a South African–Australian novelist, essayist, linguist, translator and recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Literature. He is one of the most critically acclaimed and decorated authors in the English language. He has won the Booker Prize (twice), the CNA Prize (thrice), the Jerusalem Prize, the Prix Femina étranger, and The Irish Times International Fiction Prize, and holds a number of other awards and honorary doctorates.Coetzee moved to Australia in 2002 and became an Australian citizen in 2006. He lives in Adelaide.
With an HPI of 66.39, Nadine Gordimer is the 3rd most famous South African Writer. Her biography has been translated into 98 different languages.
Nadine Gordimer (20 November 1923 – 13 July 2014) was a South African writer and political activist. She received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1991, recognized as a writer "who through her magnificent epic writing has ... been of very great benefit to humanity".Gordimer's writing dealt with moral and racial issues, particularly apartheid in South Africa. Under that regime, works such as Burger's Daughter and July's People were banned. She was active in the anti-apartheid movement, joining the African National Congress during the days when the organization was banned, and gave Nelson Mandela advice on his famous 1964 defence speech at the trial which led to his conviction for life. She was also active in HIV/AIDS causes.
With an HPI of 57.66, Peter Abrahams is the 4th most famous South African Writer. His biography has been translated into 40 different languages.
Peter Henry Abrahams Deras (3 March 1919 – 18 January 2017), commonly known as Peter Abrahams, was a South African-born novelist, journalist and political commentator who in 1956 settled in Jamaica, where he lived for the rest of his life. His death at the age of 97 is considered to have been murder.
With an HPI of 56.20, André Brink is the 5th most famous South African Writer. His biography has been translated into 35 different languages.
André Philippus Brink (29 May 1935 – 6 February 2015) was a South African novelist, essayist and poet. He wrote in both Afrikaans and English and taught English at the University of Cape Town.In the 1960s Brink, Ingrid Jonker, Etienne Leroux and Breyten Breytenbach were key figures in the significant Afrikaans literary movement known as Die Sestigers ("The Sixty-ers"). These writers sought to use Afrikaans as a language to speak against the apartheid government, and also to bring into Afrikaans literature the influence of contemporary English and French trends. While Brink's early novels were especially concerned with apartheid, his later work engaged the new range of issues posed by life in a democratic South Africa.
With an HPI of 50.31, Breyten Breytenbach is the 6th most famous South African Writer. His biography has been translated into 25 different languages.
Breyten Breytenbach (; born 16 September 1939) is a South African writer, poet and painter known for his opposition to apartheid, and consequent imprisonment by the South African government. He is informally considered as the national poet laureate by Afrikaans-speaking South Africans. He also holds French citizenship.
With an HPI of 50.14, Laurence Oliphant is the 7th most famous South African Writer. His biography has been translated into 15 different languages.
Laurence Oliphant (3 August 1829 – 23 December 1888), a Member of Parliament, was a South African-born British author, traveller, diplomat, British intelligence agent, Christian mystic, and Christian Zionist. His best known book in his lifetime was a satirical novel, Piccadilly (1870). More heed has gone since to his plan for Jewish farming communities in the Holy Land, The Land of Gilead. Oliphant was a UK Member of Parliament for Stirling Burghs.
With an HPI of 50.04, Ronald Harwood is the 8th most famous South African Writer. His biography has been translated into 25 different languages.
Sir Ronald Harwood (né Horwitz; 9 November 1934 – 8 September 2020) was a South African-born British author, playwright, and screenwriter, best known for his plays for the British stage as well as the screenplays for The Dresser (for which he was nominated for an Oscar) and The Pianist, for which he won the 2003 Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay. He was nominated for the Best Adapted Screenplay Oscar for The Diving Bell and the Butterfly (2007).
With an HPI of 49.53, Laurens van der Post is the 9th most famous South African Writer. His biography has been translated into 19 different languages.
Sir Laurens Jan van der Post, (13 December 1906 – 15 December 1996) was a South African Afrikaner writer, farmer, soldier, educator, journalist, humanitarian, philosopher, explorer and conservationist. He was noted for his interest in Jungianism and the Kalahari Bushmen, his experiences during World War II, as well as his relationships with notable figures such as the future King Charles III and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. After his death, there was controversy over claims that he had exaggerated many aspects of his life, as well his sexual abuse and impregnation of a 14-year-old girl.
With an HPI of 48.90, Deon Meyer is the 10th most famous South African Writer. His biography has been translated into 17 different languages.
Deon Godfrey Meyer is a South African thriller novelist, writing in Afrikaans. His books have been translated into more than 20 languages. He has also written numerous scripts for television and film.
Pantheon has 23 people classified as writers born between 1829 and 1976. Of these 23, 7 (30.43%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living writers include J. M. Coetzee, Breyten Breytenbach, and Deon Meyer. The most famous deceased writers include J. R. R. Tolkien, Nadine Gordimer, and Peter Abrahams. As of April 2022, 4 new writers have been added to Pantheon including Laurence Oliphant, Ted Grant, and John Langalibalele Dube.
1892 - 1973
1923 - 2014
1919 - 2017
1935 - 2015
1829 - 1888
1934 - 2020
1906 - 1996
1903 - 1988
1933 - 1965
1913 - 2006
1915 - 2007
1922 - 2020
Which Writers were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 16 most globally memorable Writers since 1700.