Arthur de Gobineau

1816 - 1882

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Joseph Arthur de Gobineau (French: [ɡɔbino]; 14 July 1816 – 13 October 1882) was a French aristocrat and anthropologist, who is best known for helping to legitimise racism by the use of scientific race theory and "racial demography", and for developing the theory of the Aryan master race and Nordicism. Known to his contemporaries as a novelist, diplomat and travel writer, he was an elitist who, in the immediate aftermath of the Revolutions of 1848, wrote An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races. In it he argued that aristocrats were superior to commoners and that aristocrats possessed more Aryan genetic traits because of less interbreeding with inferior races. Gobineau's writings were quickly praised by white supremacist, pro-slavery Americans like Josiah C. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arthur de Gobineau has received more than 905,859 page views. His biography is available in 46 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 43 in 2019). Arthur de Gobineau is the 377th most popular writer (down from 369th in 2019), the 442nd most popular biography from France (down from 429th in 2019) and the 65th most popular French Writer.

Arthur de Gobineau is most famous for his work, "Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races."

Memorability Metrics

  • 910k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 68.74

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 46

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.03

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.74

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

Essai sur l'inégalité des races humaines
The Moral And Intellectual Diversity Of Races
Oeuvres Vol. 2
A Gentleman in the Outports
Nouvelles asiatiques
French literature
Ce volume contient les oeuvres suivantes - 'Les Pléiades'; 'Nouvelles asiatiques'; 'La Renaissance'. Avec, pour ce volume, la collaboration de Jean Boissel et Marie-Louise Concasty.


Among writers, Arthur de Gobineau ranks 377 out of 7,302Before him are Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Tulsidas, Lucy Maud Montgomery, Grazia Deledda, Enheduanna, and Theocritus. After him are Julio Cortázar, Georges Bataille, Sergei Yesenin, Jean Genet, Cornelius Nepos, and Elena Ferrante.

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Among people born in 1816, Arthur de Gobineau ranks 4Before him are Charlotte Brontë, Werner von Siemens, and Carl Zeiss. After him are Eugène Edine Pottier, Maria Theresa of Austria, Paul Reuter, Ferdinand II of Portugal, Abbas I of Egypt, Carl Ludwig, Franz Sacher, and John Frederick Kensett. Among people deceased in 1882, Arthur de Gobineau ranks 5Before him are Charles Darwin, Giuseppe Garibaldi, Friedrich Wöhler, and Ralph Waldo Emerson. After him are Theodor Schwann, Jesse James, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Bruno Bauer, William Stanley Jevons, Francesco Hayez, and Léon Gambetta.

Others Born in 1816

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Others Deceased in 1882

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In France

Among people born in France, Arthur de Gobineau ranks 442 out of 6,770Before him are Urbain Le Verrier (1811), Robert Campin (1375), Robert Delaunay (1885), Isabella of France (1295), Albert Lebrun (1871), and Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran (1845). After him are Georges Bataille (1897), Joan I of Navarre (1273), Jean Genet (1910), Elisabeth of France (1602), Hippolyte Taine (1828), and Anouk Aimée (1932).

Among WRITERS In France

Among writers born in France, Arthur de Gobineau ranks 65Before him are Henri Charrière (1906), Ève Curie (1904), André Malraux (1901), Théophile Gautier (1811), Paul Éluard (1895), and Alphonse de Lamartine (1790). After him are Georges Bataille (1897), Jean Genet (1910), Gregory of Tours (538), Jacques Prévert (1900), René Guénon (1886), and Nicolas Boileau-Despréaux (1636).