Gerald Edelman

1929 - 2014

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Gerald Maurice Edelman (; July 1, 1929 – May 17, 2014) was an American biologist who shared the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for work with Rodney Robert Porter on the immune system. Edelman's Nobel Prize-winning research concerned discovery of the structure of antibody molecules. In interviews, he has said that the way the components of the immune system evolve over the life of the individual is analogous to the way the components of the brain evolve in a lifetime. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gerald Edelman has received more than 209,802 page views. His biography is available in 49 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 47 in 2019). Gerald Edelman is the 100th most popular biologist (up from 118th in 2019), the 1,062nd most popular biography from United States (up from 1,143rd in 2019) and the 11th most popular American Biologist.

Gerald Edelman is most famous for his theory of neuronal group selection, which states that the brain is a collection of interconnected neurons that are constantly competing for survival.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 70.38

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 49

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.76

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.31

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among biologists, Gerald Edelman ranks 100 out of 844Before him are Bernard Katz, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, George Beadle, Günter Blobel, Desmond Morris, and Jan Swammerdam. After him are Ulisse Aldrovandi, Nikolay Pirogov, John Ray, Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber, John Franklin Enders, and Walther Flemming.

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Among people born in 1929, Gerald Edelman ranks 72Before him are Lennart Johansson, Nicolai Ghiaurov, Werner Arber, Mike Hawthorn, Whitey Bulger, and Alfred Moisiu. After him are Violeta Chamorro, Yozo Aoki, Ágnes Heller, Yevgeny Primakov, Patriarch Alexy II of Moscow, and Fernanda Montenegro. Among people deceased in 2014, Gerald Edelman ranks 44Before him are Daniel Keyes, Robert A. Dahl, Yoshiko Yamaguchi, Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba, Pete Seeger, and Karlheinz Böhm. After him are Luise Rainer, Yozo Aoki, Maurice Duverger, P. D. James, Rubin Carter, and Hans Hollein.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Gerald Edelman ranks 1,062 out of 15,968Before him are James Brolin (1940), George Akerlof (1940), Allen Dulles (1893), John Young (1930), James Abbott McNeill Whistler (1834), and Winona Ryder (1971). After him are Lyonel Feininger (1871), Danny Aiello (1933), R. Lee Ermey (1944), Liliʻuokalani (1838), Adam West (1928), and John Denver (1943).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United States

Among biologists born in United States, Gerald Edelman ranks 11Before him are Barbara McClintock (1902), Hermann Joseph Muller (1890), Lynn Margulis (1938), Irwin Rose (1926), Alfred Hershey (1908), and George Beadle (1903). After him are John Franklin Enders (1897), Carl Woese (1928), E. O. Wilson (1929), Edward Tatum (1909), Linda B. Buck (1947), and Robert Whittaker (1920).