Carl Woese

1928 - 2012

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Carl Richard Woese (; July 15, 1928 – December 30, 2012) was an American microbiologist and biophysicist. Woese is famous for defining the Archaea (a new domain of life) in 1977 by phylogenetic taxonomy of 16S ribosomal RNA, a technique he pioneered that revolutionized microbiology. He also originated the RNA world hypothesis in 1967, although not by that name. Woese held the Stanley O. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Carl Woese has received more than 452,655 page views. His biography is available in 32 different languages on Wikipedia. Carl Woese is the 108th most popular biologist (up from 136th in 2019), the 1,178th most popular biography from United States (up from 1,273rd in 2019) and the 13th most popular American Biologist.

Carl Woese is most famous for his discovery of the third domain of life, Archaea.

Memorability Metrics

  • 450k

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  • 69.82

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 32

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.25

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.79

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among biologists, Carl Woese ranks 108 out of 844Before him are Nikolay Pirogov, John Ray, Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber, John Franklin Enders, Walther Flemming, and Ralph M. Steinman. After him are Charles Bonnet, Archibald Hill, William Bateson, E. O. Wilson, Giovanni Sartori, and Theodosius Dobzhansky.

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Among people born in 1928, Carl Woese ranks 67Before him are Marco Ferreri, Erik Bruhn, Patrick McGoohan, James Earl Ray, Joe Jackson, and Colin Chapman. After him are Hardy Krüger, Herbert Kroemer, James Randi, Tony Richardson, Robert Sheckley, and James Garner. Among people deceased in 2012, Carl Woese ranks 48Before him are Antonio Tabucchi, Rauf Denktaş, Miguel de la Madrid, Sergey Sokolov, George Armitage Miller, and Chavela Vargas. After him are Etta James, Joseph Murray, Princess Ragnhild, Mrs. Lorentzen, Lucio Dalla, Andrew Huxley, and Harry Harrison.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Carl Woese ranks 1,178 out of 15,968Before him are Raymond A. Spruance (1886), Will Durant (1885), Alonzo Church (1903), Joe Satriani (1956), Tess Gerritsen (1953), and Elisha Otis (1811). After him are Shia LaBeouf (1986), Phil Spector (1939), Donna Reed (1921), George Jung (1942), Paul Lauterbur (1929), and Willard Van Orman Quine (1908).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United States

Among biologists born in United States, Carl Woese ranks 13Before him are Lynn Margulis (1938), Irwin Rose (1926), Alfred Hershey (1908), George Beadle (1903), Gerald Edelman (1929), and John Franklin Enders (1897). After him are E. O. Wilson (1929), Edward Tatum (1909), Linda B. Buck (1947), Robert Whittaker (1920), Stephen Jay Gould (1941), and Sylvia Earle (1935).