Conrad Gessner

1516 - 1565

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Conrad Gessner (; Latin: Conradus Gesnerus 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. He became Zürich's city physician, but was able to spend much of his time on collecting, research and writing. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Conrad Gessner has received more than 323,420 page views. His biography is available in 55 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 52 in 2019). Conrad Gessner is the 24th most popular biologist (up from 28th in 2019), the 26th most popular biography from Switzerland (up from 27th in 2019) and the most popular Swiss Biologist.

Conrad Gessner is most famous for his book Historia Animalium, which was the first major work on zoology. He was also a physician and botanist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 320k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.26

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 55

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.37

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.75

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among biologists, Conrad Gessner ranks 24 out of 1,097Before him are Élie Metchnikoff, Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, Luc Montagnier, Robert Brown, Richard Dawkins, and Maria Sibylla Merian. After him are Jules Bordet, Rachel Carson, Yoshinori Ohsumi, Katherine Oppenheimer, Theodor Schwann, and Ada Yonath.

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Among people born in 1516, Conrad Gessner ranks 2Before him is Mary I of England. After him are Bayinnaung, Margaret Leijonhufvud, William, Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg, Tabinshwehti, Hieronymus Wolf, André Thevet, Cristóvão da Gama, Realdo Colombo, Henry Howard, Earl of Surrey, and Söyembikä of Kazan. Among people deceased in 1565, Conrad Gessner ranks 2Before him is Pope Pius IV. After him are Dragut, Lodovico Ferrari, Queen Munjeong, William Farel, Cipriano de Rore, Mikołaj "the Black" Radziwiłł, Ashikaga Yoshiteru, Diego Laynez, Semiz Ali Pasha, and Lucia Anguissola.

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In Switzerland

Among people born in Switzerland, Conrad Gessner ranks 26 out of 1,015Before him are Alberto Giacometti (1901), Albert Hofmann (1906), Carl Spitteler (1845), Élie Ducommun (1833), Bruno Ganz (1941), and Arnold Böcklin (1827). After him are Friedrich Dürrenmatt (1921), Jacob Burckhardt (1818), Erich von Däniken (1935), Jacques Necker (1732), Joan Gamper (1877), and Heinrich Rohrer (1933).

Among BIOLOGISTS In Switzerland

Among biologists born in Switzerland, Conrad Gessner ranks 1After him are Daniel Bovet (1907), Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778), Werner Arber (1929), Louis Agassiz (1807), Gaspard Bauhin (1560), Charles Bonnet (1720), Alexander Agassiz (1835), Albert von Kölliker (1817), Jakob Friedrich Ehrhart (1742), Carl Nägeli (1817), and Josias Braun-Blanquet (1884).