Calouste Gulbenkian

1869 - 1955

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Calouste Sarkis Gulbenkian (, Western Armenian: Գալուստ Կիւլպէնկեան; 23 March 1869 – 20 July 1955), nicknamed "Mr Five Per Cent", was a British-Armenian businessman and philanthropist. He played a major role in making the petroleum reserves of the Middle East available to Western development and is credited with being the first person to exploit Iraqi oil. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Calouste Gulbenkian has received more than 439,461 page views. His biography is available in 29 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 27 in 2019). Calouste Gulbenkian is the 55th most popular businessperson (up from 57th in 2019), the 251st most popular biography from Turkey (up from 258th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Turkish Businessperson.

Calouste Gulbenkian was a Turkish-born Armenian oil magnate who was the founder of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, which is a philanthropic organization. He was most famous for his oil empire, which he built in the early 20th century.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 29

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.98

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.94

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among businesspeople, Calouste Gulbenkian ranks 55 out of 604Before him are Otto Frank, Johns Hopkins, Madam C. J. Walker, Aga Khan IV, Joan Gamper, and J. Bruce Ismay. After him are Robert McNamara, Paul Allen, Giovanni Agnelli, Margaret Hamilton, Rupert Murdoch, and Li Ka-shing.

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Among people born in 1869, Calouste Gulbenkian ranks 14Before him are Nadezhda Krupskaya, Emma Goldman, Karl Haushofer, Fritz Pregl, Gustaf Dalén, and Mary Mallon. After him are Hans Spemann, Maud of Wales, Siegfried Wagner, Gustav Vigeland, Felix Salten, and Kasturba Gandhi. Among people deceased in 1955, Calouste Gulbenkian ranks 18Before him are Helmuth Weidling, António Egas Moniz, Alberto Ascari, Maurice Utrillo, Paul Claudel, and George Enescu. After him are Rodolfo Graziani, Carmen Miranda, Hermann Weyl, Vasily Blokhin, Pak Hon-yong, and Rupprecht, Crown Prince of Bavaria.

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Calouste Gulbenkian ranks 251 out of 1,128Before him are Malhun Hatun (1350), Isidore of Miletus (442), Bias of Priene (-600), Xenocrates (-396), Michael V Kalaphates (1015), and Theodora (815). After him are Alexander (870), Fatma Sultan (1500), Priscus (410), Gemistus Pletho (1355), Eumenes (-362), and Mehmet Ali Ağca (1958).


Among businesspeople born in Turkey, Calouste Gulbenkian ranks 2Before him are Aristotle Onassis (1906). After him are Basil Zaharoff (1849), Dieter Zetsche (1953), Salt Bae (1983), and Güler Sabancı (1955).