Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

780 - 850

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Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi (Arabic: محمد بن موسى الخوارزمي; c. 780 – c. 850), often referred to as simply al-Khwarizmi, was a Persian polymath who produced vastly influential Arabic-language works in mathematics, astronomy, and geography. Hailing from Khwarazm, he was appointed as the astronomer and head of the House of Wisdom in the city of Baghdad around 820 CE. His popularizing treatise on algebra, compiled between 813–33 as Al-Jabr (The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing),: 171  presented the first systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations. One of his achievements in algebra was his demonstration of how to solve quadratic equations by completing the square, for which he provided geometric justifications.: 14  Because al-Khwarizmi was the first person to treat algebra as an independent discipline and introduced the methods of "reduction" and "balancing" (the transposition of subtracted terms to the other side of an equation, that is, the cancellation of like terms on opposite sides of the equation), he has been described as the father or founder of algebra. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi has received more than 2,704,164 page views. His biography is available in 140 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 136 in 2019). Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi is the 4th most popular mathematician (up from 5th in 2019), the most popular biography from Turkmenistan (up from 3rd in 2019) and the most popular Turkmen Mathematician.

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi is most famous for his work in mathematics. He is considered the father of algebra.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.7M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 86.03

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 140

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.84

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.24

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmis by language

Over the past year Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi has had the most page views in the with 478,122 views, followed by Turkish (233,618), and Persian (219,664). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Persian (2,278.86%), (588.18%), and Kabyle (211.69%)


Among mathematicians, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi ranks 4 out of 1,004Before him are Archimedes, Blaise Pascal, and Carl Friedrich Gauss. After him are Euclid, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Leonhard Euler, Omar Khayyam, Al-Biruni, Hypatia, Bernhard Riemann, and Bertrand Russell.

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Among people born in 780, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi ranks 1After him are Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Pope Eugene II, Pope Valentine, Rabanus Maurus, Frederick of Utrecht, Odo I, Count of Orléans, and Theodote. Among people deceased in 850, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi ranks 1After him are Ramiro I of Asturias, Emperor Ninmyō, and Wulfstan of Hedeby.

Others Born in 780

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Others Deceased in 850

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In Turkmenistan

Among people born in Turkmenistan, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi ranks 1 out of 50After him are Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu (1199), Abu Muslim (718), Saparmurat Niyazov (1940), Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow (1957), Al-Nasa'i (829), Al-Zamakhshari (1075), Abu al-Ghazi Bahadur (1603), Ibn Khordadbeh (820), Chaghri Beg (989), Abd Allah ibn al-Mubarak (736), and Al-Muqanna (800).

Among MATHEMATICIANS In Turkmenistan

Among mathematicians born in Turkmenistan, Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi ranks 1After him are Alī ibn Ahmad al-Nasawī (1010).