Gaius Musonius Rufus

25 - 95

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Gaius Musonius Rufus (; Greek: Μουσώνιος Ῥοῦφος) was a Roman Stoic philosopher of the 1st century AD. He taught philosophy in Rome during the reign of Nero and so was sent into exile in 65 AD, returning to Rome only under Galba. He was allowed to stay in Rome when Vespasian banished all other philosophers from the city in 71 AD although he was eventually banished anyway, returning only after Vespasian's death. A collection of extracts from his lectures still survives. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gaius Musonius Rufus has received more than 195,877 page views. His biography is available in 29 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 26 in 2019). Gaius Musonius Rufus is the 347th most popular philosopher (up from 511th in 2019), the 957th most popular biography from Italy (up from 1,515th in 2019) and the 29th most popular Italian Philosopher.

Memorability Metrics

  • 200k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 63.32

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 29

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.22

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.31

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Gaius Musonius Rufuses by language

Over the past year Gaius Musonius Rufus has had the most page views in the with 34,343 views, followed by German (15,501), and Spanish (11,074). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are German (239.79%), Czech (173.06%), and Latin (58.67%)


Among philosophers, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 347 out of 1,267Before him are Aenesidemus, Francisco de Vitoria, Shahab al-Din Yahya ibn Habash Suhrawardi, Uriel da Costa, Richard Rorty, and Hipparchia of Maroneia. After him are Günther Anders, Maurice Halbwachs, Otto Neurath, Pietro Pomponazzi, Isaac Abarbanel, and Haji Bektash Veli.

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Among people born in 25, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 1After him are Gaius Julius Civilis, Publius Petronius Turpilianus, and Gaius Julius Vindex. Among people deceased in 95, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 1After him are Gaius Valerius Flaccus, and Titus Flavius Clemens.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 957 out of 5,161Before him are Nina Ricci (1883), Ambrogio Spinola, 1st Marquess of Balbases (1569), Gabriele Falloppio (1523), Filippo Maria Visconti (1392), Hugo Pratt (1927), and Jacopo Bassano (1510). After him are Faustina the Elder (105), Frances of Rome (1384), Orazio Gentileschi (1563), Giacomo Agostini (1942), Vibia Sabina (86), and Giuseppe Tornatore (1956).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Gaius Musonius Rufus ranks 29Before him are Alcmaeon of Croton (-510), Antonio Negri (1933), Giovanni Gentile (1875), Julius Caesar Scaliger (1484), Aristoxenus (-360), and Elena Cornaro Piscopia (1646). After him are Pietro Pomponazzi (1462), Brunetto Latini (1220), Bartolus de Saxoferrato (1313), Giles of Rome (1243), Thomas Cajetan (1469), and Gianni Vattimo (1936).