With 746 biographies, Mathematicians are the 18th most common occupation in Pantheon, behind Basketball Players, Cyclists, and Racing Drivers.

Pantheon has 746 people classified as mathematicians born between 500 BC and 1987. Of these 746, 109 (14.61%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living mathematicians include Robert Aumann, Katherine Johnson, and Andrew Wiles. The most famous deceased mathematicians include Archimedes, Blaise Pascal, and Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi.

Living Mathematicians

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Deceased Mathematicians

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Most mathematicians were born in France (97), United Kingdom (81), and Germany (63). By city, the most common birth places were Paris (26), Budapest (16), and London (14).The most common death places of mathematicians were France (98), United States (81), and United Kingdom (65). By city, these were Paris (63), Moscow (21), and London (19).

The earliest biographies classified as mathematicians in Pantheon are Philolaus, Hippocrates of Chios, and Meton of Athens.  The concentration of mathematicians was largest during the Newspaper Era, which lasted from 1700 to 1899. Some birth or death locations for earlier mathematicians are unknown, which may account for timeline differences below.

Which Mathematicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Mathematicians since 1700.

Mathematicians are found within the Science & Technology domain which also includes Biologists, Physicists, Astronomers, Chemists, and Physicians.