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With 823 biographies, Mathematicians are the 20th most common occupation in Pantheon, behind Racing Drivers, Noblemen, and Biologists.

Pantheon has 904 people classified as mathematicians born between 800 BC and 1988. Of these 904, 128 (14.16%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living mathematicians include Grigori Perelman, Andrew Wiles, and Robert Aumann. The most famous deceased mathematicians include Archimedes, Blaise Pascal, and Carl Friedrich Gauss. As of April 2022, 84 new mathematicians have been added to Pantheon including Émilie du Châtelet, Siméon Denis Poisson, and George Pólya.

Living Mathematicians

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Deceased Mathematicians

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Newly Added Mathematicians (2022)

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Most mathematicians were born in United Kingdom (108), France (106), and Germany (93). By city, the most common birth places were Paris (26), Budapest (17), and Moscow (16).The most common death places of mathematicians were United States (123), France (107), and United Kingdom (91). By city, these were Paris (65), Moscow (29), and Cambridge (21).

The earliest biographies classified as mathematicians in Pantheon are Hippocrates of Chios, Meton of Athens, and Baudhayana sutras.  The concentration of mathematicians was largest during the Newspaper Era, which lasted from 1700 to 1899. Some birth or death locations for earlier mathematicians are unknown, which may account for timeline differences below.

Which Mathematicians were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 25 most globally memorable Mathematicians since 1700.

Mathematicians are found within the Science & Technology domain which also includes Biologists, Physicists, Astronomers, Chemists, and Physicians.