Friedrich Hayek

1899 - 1992

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Friedrich August von Hayek ( HY-ək, German: [ˈfʁiːdʁɪç ˈʔaʊɡʊst fɔn ˈhaɪɛk] ; 8 May 1899 – 23 March 1992), often referred to by his initials F. A. Hayek, was an Austrian-British academic, who contributed to economics, political philosophy, psychology, and intellectual history. Hayek shared the 1974 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Gunnar Myrdal for work on money and economic fluctuations, and the interdependence of economic, social and institutional phenomena. His account of how prices communicate information is widely regarded as an important contribution to economics that led to him receiving the prize. During his teenage years, Hayek fought in World War I. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Friedrich Hayek has received more than 4,180,861 page views. His biography is available in 81 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 79 in 2019). Friedrich Hayek is the 7th most popular economist (up from 8th in 2019), the 34th most popular biography from Austria (up from 35th in 2019) and the most popular Austrian Economist.

Friedrich Hayek is most famous for his work in economics and political philosophy. His most famous work was The Road to Serfdom, which argued that socialism and central planning inevitably lead to totalitarianism.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.2M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 74.79

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 81

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.14

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.83

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among economists, Friedrich Hayek ranks 7 out of 414Before him are Adam Smith, Karl Marx, John Maynard Keynes, David Ricardo, Thomas Robert Malthus, and John Stuart Mill. After him are Milton Friedman, Vilfredo Pareto, Joseph Schumpeter, Frédéric Passy, Alfred Marshall, and François Quesnay.

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Among people born in 1899, Friedrich Hayek ranks 7Before him are Huang Xianfan, Ernest Hemingway, Alfred Hitchcock, Jorge Luis Borges, Al Capone, and Vladimir Nabokov. After him are Frederick IX of Denmark, Lavrentiy Beria, Yasunari Kawabata, Humphrey Bogart, László Bíró, and Fred Astaire. Among people deceased in 1992, Friedrich Hayek ranks 7Before him are Marlene Dietrich, Isaac Asimov, Grace Hopper, Alexander Dubček, Menachem Begin, and Willy Brandt. After him are Joan Fuster, Francis Bacon, Astor Piazzolla, Mikhail Tal, Olivier Messiaen, and Giovanni Falcone.

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In Austria

Among people born in Austria, Friedrich Hayek ranks 34 out of 1,424Before him are Johann Strauss I (1804), Johann Strauss II (1825), Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (1640), Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor (1552), Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (1578), and Herbert von Karajan (1908). After him are Egon Schiele (1890), Niki Lauda (1949), Konrad Lorenz (1903), Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor (1557), Viktor Frankl (1905), and Maximilian I of Mexico (1832).

Among ECONOMISTS In Austria

Among economists born in Austria, Friedrich Hayek ranks 1After him are Karl Polanyi (1886), Friedrich von Wieser (1851), Rudolf Hilferding (1877), Fritz Machlup (1902), Bruno de Finetti (1906), Gottfried Haberler (1900), and Käthe Leichter (1895).