Pope Innocent X

1574 - 1655

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Pope Innocent X (Latin: Innocentius X; 6 May 1574 – 7 January 1655), born Giovanni Battista Pamphilj (or Pamphili), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 15 September 1644 to his death in 1655.Born in Rome of a family from Gubbio in Umbria who had come to Rome during the pontificate of Pope Innocent IX, Pamphili was trained as a lawyer and graduated from the Collegio Romano. He followed a conventional cursus honorum, following his uncle Girolamo Pamphili as auditor of the Rota, and like him, attaining the position of cardinal-priest of Sant'Eusebio, in 1629. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Pope Innocent X has received more than 333,539 page views. His biography is available in 70 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 69 in 2019). Pope Innocent X is the 138th most popular religious figure (down from 134th in 2019), the 172nd most popular biography from Italy (down from 150th in 2019) and the 49th most popular Italian Religious Figure.

Pope Innocent X is most famous for being the pope who excommunicated Queen Elizabeth I of England. He also created the Index Librorum Prohibitorum, which was a list of books that Catholics were not allowed to read.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 70

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.43

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.80

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among religious figures, Pope Innocent X ranks 138 out of 2,272Before him are Miriam, Pope Leo I, Pope Gregory XII, Pope Sixtus V, Pope Clement XII, and Pope Gregory XI. After him are Pope Formosus, Pope Pius IV, Pope Gregory XV, Zechariah, Bernadette Soubirous, and Pope Clement VI.

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Among people born in 1574, Pope Innocent X ranks 1After him are Handan Sultan, Anne of Denmark, William Oughtred, Maria Anna of Bavaria, Maria Christina, Princess of Transylvania, Frederick IV, Elector Palatine, Robert Fludd, Wilhelm Kettler, Feng Menglong, Elisabeth of Lorraine, and John Wilbye. Among people deceased in 1655, Pope Innocent X ranks 1After him are Cyrano de Bergerac, Pierre Gassendi, Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg, Eleonora Gonzaga, Margaret of Savoy, Vicereine of Portugal, Janusz Radziwiłł, Cristóbal de Morales, Ukita Hideie, Daniël Heinsius, and Francesco Molin.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Pope Innocent X ranks 172 out of 4,088Before him are Pope Leo I (390), Pope Gregory XII (1335), Amedeo Avogadro (1776), Pope Sixtus V (1520), Giorgione (1478), and Pope Clement XII (1652). After him are Catullus (-84), Pope Formosus (816), Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (1768), Pope Pius IV (1499), Giovanni Bellini (1430), and Pope Gregory XV (1554).


Among religious figures born in Italy, Pope Innocent X ranks 49Before him are Pope Benedict XIV (1675), Pope Paul V (1552), Pope Leo I (390), Pope Gregory XII (1335), Pope Sixtus V (1520), and Pope Clement XII (1652). After him are Pope Formosus (816), Pope Pius IV (1499), Pope Gregory XV (1554), Pope Paul IV (1476), Pope Martin V (1369), and Pope Nicholas V (1397).