Guillaume Apollinaire

1880 - 1918

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Guillaume Apollinaire (French: [ɡijom apɔlinɛʁ]; 26 August 1880 – 9 November 1918) (born as Wilhelm Albert Włodzimierz Apolinary de Wąż-Kostrowicki) was a French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic of Polish-Belarusian descent. Apollinaire is considered one of the foremost poets of the early 20th century, as well as one of the most impassioned defenders of Cubism and a forefather of Surrealism. He is credited with coining the term "Cubism" in 1911 to describe the emerging art movement, the term Orphism in 1912, and the term "Surrealism" in 1917 to describe the works of Erik Satie. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Guillaume Apollinaire has received more than 879,409 page views. His biography is available in 70 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 67 in 2019). Guillaume Apollinaire is the 138th most popular writer (up from 162nd in 2019), the 158th most popular biography from Italy (up from 213th in 2019) and the 13th most popular Italian Writer.

Guillaume Apollinaire is most famous for his "Calligrammes" which is a series of poems that are written in the shape of the object they are describing.

Memorability Metrics

  • 880k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 80.91

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 70

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.05

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.66

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

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Among writers, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 138 out of 5,794Before him are Kālidāsa, Heinrich Böll, Boris Pasternak, Sully Prudhomme, Günter Grass, and Apuleius. After him are Charlotte Brontë, Eugène Ionesco, Tove Jansson, Aldous Huxley, Haruki Murakami, and Catullus.

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Among people born in 1880, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 2Before him is Helen Keller. After him are Douglas MacArthur, Alfred Wegener, Fedor von Bock, Oswald Spengler, Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Robert Musil, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, George Marshall, Franz Marc, and Ludwig Beck. Among people deceased in 1918, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 9Before him are Claude Debussy, Abdul Hamid II, Gavrilo Princip, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Egon Schiele, and Mehmed V. After him are Manfred von Richthofen, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, Georg Cantor, Georg Simmel, Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, and Karl Ferdinand Braun.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 158 out of 4,088Before him are Pope Leo XII (1760), Anselm of Canterbury (1033), Pope Gregory IX (1160), Pope Clement VIII (1536), Pope Benedict XIV (1675), and Pier Paolo Pasolini (1922). After him are Suetonius (70), Marcello Mastroianni (1924), Numa Pompilius (-753), Pope Paul V (1552), Lucius Verus (130), and Victor Emmanuel III of Italy (1869).

Among WRITERS In Italy

Among writers born in Italy, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 13Before him are Giacomo Casanova (1725), Umberto Eco (1932), Giorgio Vasari (1511), Cato the Elder (-243), Plautus (-254), and Carlo Collodi (1826). After him are Catullus (-84), Pliny the Younger (61), Juvenal (50), Christine de Pizan (1365), Sallust (-86), and Dario Fo (1926).