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Guillaume Apollinaire

1880 - 1918

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Guillaume Apollinaire (French: [ɡijom apɔlinɛʁ]; 26 August 1880 – 9 November 1918) was a French poet, playwright, short story writer, novelist, and art critic of Polish descent. Apollinaire is considered one of the foremost poets of the early 20th century, as well as one of the most impassioned defenders of Cubism and a forefather of Surrealism. He is credited with coining the term "Cubism" in 1911 to describe the emerging art movement, the term Orphism in 1912, and the term "Surrealism" in 1917 to describe the works of Erik Satie. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Guillaume Apollinaire has received more than 1,079,668 page views. His biography is available in 74 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 70 in 2019). Guillaume Apollinaire is the 144th most popular writer (down from 138th in 2019), the 192nd most popular biography from Italy (down from 158th in 2019) and the 14th most popular Italian Writer.

Guillaume Apollinaire is most famous for his "Calligrammes" which is a series of poems that are written in the shape of the object they are describing.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 74.31

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 74

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.56

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.04

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

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Among writers, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 144 out of 5,755Before him are Tove Jansson, William Blake, H. G. Wells, Kālidāsa, Mikhail Bulgakov, and Aldous Huxley. After him are Emily Brontë, Murasaki Shikibu, Pindar, Elias Canetti, Ivo Andrić, and Eugène Ionesco.

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Among people born in 1880, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 4Before him are Helen Keller, Alfred Wegener, and Douglas MacArthur. After him are Fedor von Bock, Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Oswald Spengler, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Robert Musil, George Marshall, Ludwig Beck, and Franz Marc. Among people deceased in 1918, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 10Before him are Claude Debussy, Gavrilo Princip, Mehmed V, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Egon Schiele, and Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia. After him are Manfred von Richthofen, Georg Cantor, Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, Georg Simmel, Karl Ferdinand Braun, and Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 192 out of 4,668Before him are Pope Innocent XIII (1655), Pope Innocent VIII (1432), Servius Tullius (-600), Pope Innocent XII (1615), Pope Innocent X (1574), and Pope Nicholas V (1397). After him are Domenico Scarlatti (1685), Vincenzo Bellini (1801), Pope Alexander VII (1599), Pope Gregory XIV (1535), Arcangelo Corelli (1653), and Saint Cecilia (200).

Among WRITERS In Italy

Among writers born in Italy, Guillaume Apollinaire ranks 14Before him are Giacomo Casanova (1725), Giorgio Vasari (1511), Cato the Elder (-243), Plautus (-254), Carlo Collodi (1826), and Catullus (-84). After him are Pliny the Younger (61), Juvenal (50), Luigi Pirandello (1867), Torquato Tasso (1544), Sallust (-86), and Christine de Pizan (1365).