Louis Althusser

1918 - 1990

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Louis Pierre Althusser (UK: , US: ; French: [altysɛʁ]; 16 October 1918 – 22 October 1990) was a French Marxist philosopher who studied at the École normale supérieure in Paris, where he eventually became Professor of Philosophy. Althusser was a long-time member and sometimes a strong critic of the French Communist Party (Parti communiste français, PCF). His arguments and theses were set against the threats that he saw attacking the theoretical foundations of Marxism. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Louis Althusser has received more than 1,740,654 page views. His biography is available in 62 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 58 in 2019). Louis Althusser is the 150th most popular philosopher (up from 154th in 2019), the 9th most popular biography from Algeria (down from 8th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Algerian Philosopher.

Louis Althusser is most famous for his theory of ideology, which he developed in the 1960s. He argues that society is divided into two classes: the bourgeoisie, who own the means of production, and the proletariat, who do not. The bourgeoisie control the culture and ideology of society, and use it to maintain their power.

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Among philosophers, Louis Althusser ranks 150 out of 1,267Before him are Edith Stein, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, Christian Wolff, Hippasus, Max Stirner, and György Lukács. After him are Adi Shankara, Max Scheler, Clement of Alexandria, Herbert Marcuse, Carl Schmitt, and Friedrich Schleiermacher.

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Among people born in 1918, Louis Althusser ranks 10Before him are Gamal Abdel Nasser, Anwar Sadat, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Richard Feynman, Leonard Bernstein, and Kurt Waldheim. After him are Robert Wadlow, Rita Hayworth, Helmut Schmidt, Ken Miles, Gertrude B. Elion, and Alberto Ascari. Among people deceased in 1990, Louis Althusser ranks 6Before him are Rajneesh, Lev Yashin, Greta Garbo, Roald Dahl, and Leonard Bernstein. After him are Alberto Moravia, Ava Gardner, B. F. Skinner, Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Paulette Goddard, and Sarah Vaughan.

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In Algeria

Among people born in Algeria, Louis Althusser ranks 9 out of 213Before him are Apuleius (125), Tariq ibn Ziyad (670), Jacques Derrida (1930), Yves Saint Laurent (1936), Macrinus (164), and Saint Monica (332). After him are Jugurtha (-160), Ahmed Ben Bella (1916), Emir Abdelkader (1808), Juba II (-52), Édouard-Henri Avril (1849), and Abdelmadjid Tebboune (1945).


Among philosophers born in Algeria, Louis Althusser ranks 3Before him are Augustine of Hippo (354), and Jacques Derrida (1930). After him are Martianus Capella (360), Jacques Rancière (1940), Priscian (500), Émile Boirac (1851), Marcus Cornelius Fronto (100), and Catherine Malabou (1959).