Frederick Sanger

1918 - 2013

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Frederick Sanger (; 13 August 1918 – 19 November 2013) was a British biochemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice. He won the 1958 Chemistry Prize for determining the amino acid sequence of insulin and numerous other proteins, demonstrating in the process that each had a unique, definite structure; this was a foundational discovery for the central dogma of molecular biology. At the newly constructed Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, he developed and subsequently refined the first-ever DNA sequencing technique, which vastly expanded the number of feasible experiments in molecular biology and remains in widespread use today. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Frederick Sanger has received more than 1,046,893 page views. His biography is available in 83 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 78 in 2019). Frederick Sanger is the 49th most popular chemist (down from 35th in 2019), the 314th most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 300th in 2019) and the 4th most popular British Chemist.

Frederick Sanger is most famous for his work in the field of biochemistry. He is credited with the discovery of the structure of insulin, which led to the development of a treatment for diabetes.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 67.89

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 83

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.52

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.58

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)


Among chemists, Frederick Sanger ranks 49 out of 602Before him are Adolf Butenandt, Gerty Cori, Kurt Alder, Alfred Werner, Paul Sabatier, and Friedrich Bergius. After him are Arthur Harden, Fritz Pregl, Melvin Calvin, Frederick Soddy, Adolf Windaus, and Victor Grignard.

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Among people born in 1918, Frederick Sanger ranks 18Before him are Rita Hayworth, Helmut Schmidt, Ken Miles, Gertrude B. Elion, Alberto Ascari, and Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan. After him are Chaim Herzog, Katherine Johnson, William Holden, Martin Ryle, Jørn Utzon, and Kai Siegbahn. Among people deceased in 2013, Frederick Sanger ranks 13Before him are Võ Nguyên Giáp, Jorge Rafael Videla, Doris Lessing, Heinrich Rohrer, Djalma Santos, and Giulio Andreotti. After him are Robert Coleman Richardson, Douglas Engelbart, Lou Reed, Paul Walker, Boris Berezovsky, and Nílton Santos.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Frederick Sanger ranks 314 out of 8,785Before him are Harold Wilson (1916), Arthur, Prince of Wales (1486), Mary of Teck (1867), Robert Fripp (1946), Elizabeth Woodville (1437), and Vivienne Westwood (1941). After him are Jacqueline Bisset (1944), Stanley Matthews (1915), Arthur Harden (1865), Jon Lord (1941), John Hurt (1940), and Ian Gillan (1945).

Among CHEMISTS In United Kingdom

Among chemists born in United Kingdom, Frederick Sanger ranks 4Before him are John Dalton (1766), William Ramsay (1852), and Humphry Davy (1778). After him are Arthur Harden (1865), Frederick Soddy (1877), Norman Haworth (1883), Francis William Aston (1877), William Crookes (1832), Henry Hallett Dale (1875), Frederick Gowland Hopkins (1861), and Robert Robinson (1886).