Kösem Sultan

1590 - 1651

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Icon of person Kösem Sultan

Kösem Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: كوسم سلطان;; 'leader'; c. 1590 – 2 September 1651), also known as Mahpeyker Sultan (Persian: ماه پيكر; lit. 'Visage of the Moon'), was Haseki Sultan of the Ottoman Empire as the chief consort and legal wife of the Ottoman Sultan Ahmed I, Valide Sultan as the mother of sultans Murad IV and Ibrahim, and Büyük Valide Sultan as the grandmother of Sultan Mehmed IV. She became one of the most powerful and influential women in Ottoman history as well as a central figure during the period known as the Sultanate of Women.Kösem Sultan's stature and influence were facilitated by her astute grasp of Ottoman politics and the large number of children she bore. One of her sons and grandson required her regency early in their reigns, and her daughters’ marriages to prominent statesmen provided her with allies in government. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Kösem Sultan has received more than 5,016,452 page views. Her biography is available in 50 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 49 in 2019). Kösem Sultan is the 98th most popular politician (down from 84th in 2019), the 14th most popular biography from Greece (down from 13th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Greek Politician.

Kösem Sultan was most famous for being a powerful and influential woman in the Ottoman Empire. She was one of the most powerful women in the Ottoman Empire. She was a slave girl who became a concubine, then a wife, and finally the mother of the sultan.

Memorability Metrics

  • 5.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 81.27

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 50

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.07

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.27

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Kösem Sultans by language

Over the past year Kösem Sultan has had the most page views in the with 550,195 views, followed by Russian (540,923), and Spanish (340,144). In terms of yearly growth of page views the top 3 wikpedia editions are Albanian (886.85%), Polish (193.49%), and Estonian (109.82%)


Among politicians, Kösem Sultan ranks 98 out of 19,576Before her are Hirohito, Leonid Brezhnev, Ashoka, Mary II of England, Philip II of Spain, and Murad III. After her are Diocletian, Mahmoud Abbas, Margaret Thatcher, Ivan the Terrible, Boris Yeltsin, and Wilhelm II, German Emperor.

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Among people born in 1590, Kösem Sultan ranks 2Before her is Ahmed I. After her are Pope Clement X, Mahfiruz Hatun, Simon Vouet, Cosimo II de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Gioachino Greco, Charles of Austria, Bishop of Wroclaw, Yamada Nagamasa, Urbain Grandier, Jacob van Eyck, and Théophile de Viau. Among people deceased in 1651, Kösem Sultan ranks 1After her are Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, Lennart Torstensson, Tokugawa Iemitsu, Abraham Bloemaert, Jeremi Wiśniowiecki, Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, Tugay Bey, Virginia Centurione Bracelli, Ngawang Namgyal, Giulia Tofana, and Jacob Adriaensz Backer.

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Kösem Sultan ranks 14 out of 1,024Before her are Hippocrates (-460), Sophocles (-497), Pericles (-494), Democritus (-460), Epicurus (-341), and El Greco (1541). After her are Saint Stephen (1), Euripides (-480), Aristophanes (-448), Plutarch (46), Aeschylus (-525), and Sappho (-630).


Among politicians born in Greece, Kösem Sultan ranks 3Before her are Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881), and Pericles (-494). After her are Philip II of Macedon (-382), Bayezid II (1447), Demosthenes (-384), Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha (1493), Leonidas I (-540), Muhammad Ali of Egypt (1769), Cleisthenes (-565), Solon (-638), and Alcibiades (-450).