Leonidas I

540 BC - 480 BC

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Leonidas I (; Doric Λεωνίδας Α´, Leōnídas A'; Ionic and Attic Greek: Λεωνίδης Α´, Leōnídēs A' [leɔːnídɛːs]; "son of the lion"; died 19 September 480 BC) was a king of the Greek city-state of Sparta, and the 17th of the Agiad line, a dynasty which claimed descent from the mythological demigod Heracles and Cadmus. Leonidas I was son of King Anaxandridas II. He succeeded his half-brother King Cleomenes I to the throne in c. 489 BC. His co-ruler was King Leotychidas. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Leonidas I has received more than 4,865,379 page views. His biography is available in 71 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 68 in 2019). Leonidas I is the 164th most popular politician (up from 196th in 2019), the 28th most popular biography from Greece (up from 29th in 2019) and the 6th most popular Greek Politician.

Leonidas I is most famous for leading a small army of 300 Spartans to victory against the Persian Empire at the Battle of Thermopylae.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.9M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 83.58

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 71

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.95

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.13

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Leonidas I ranks 164 out of 15,710Before him are Batu Khan, Brutus the Younger, Cyrus the Great, Joanna of Castile, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, and Mustafa I. After him are Titus, Reinhard Heydrich, George W. Bush, Murad II, Mehmed IV, and Maximilien Robespierre.

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Among people born in 540 BC, Leonidas I ranks 1After him are Miltiades, Leotychidas, Amyntas I of Macedon, Spurius Cassius Viscellinus, and Appius Claudius Sabinus Regillensis. Among people deceased in 480 BC, Leonidas I ranks 1After him are Ephialtes of Trachis, Cleombrotus, Onomacritus, and Appius Claudius Sabinus Regillensis.

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Leonidas I ranks 28 out of 855Before him are Sappho (-630), Aeschylus (-525), Protagoras (-486), Themistocles (-524), Demosthenes (-384), and Hayreddin Barbarossa (1478). After him are Xenophon (-430), Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha (1493), Pyrrhus of Epirus (-318), Cleisthenes (-565), Myron (-500), and Aristarchus of Samos (-311).


Among politicians born in Greece, Leonidas I ranks 6Before him are Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881), Pericles (-494), Philip II of Macedon (-382), Kösem Sultan (1590), and Demosthenes (-384). After him are Pargalı Ibrahim Pasha (1493), Cleisthenes (-565), Alcibiades (-450), Muhammad Ali of Egypt (1769), Solon (-638), and Peisistratos (-600).